RAS reform

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Suicide attack on the buildings of Presidium of RAS, July, 2013, cartoon by [1].
Protest 2013.07.02 by [2]. Letters at the coffin:"SCIENCE of RUSSIA"

RAS reform (реформа РАН, 2013) is suggestion by Dmitrii Medvedev about reorganisation of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) that includes expropriation of properties of RAS and the submission of RAS to the president of Russia. The project of this reform is under consideration in Russian Duma since July, 2013. Firstly, the government wants to merge three existing major academies (The Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences) into one “public-state organization.” Three more academies – of Education, of Architecture and Construction and of Arts – would be passed under the control of federal ministries. // Secondly, the academies would be stripped of their property rights, transferring the property managing functions to a federal agency that would be specially created for this purpose. [3][4][5].

The illness and problems of development of Science in Russia are widely discussed [6]. However, many colleagues consider the RAS reform suggested not as way to cure the science in Russia, but a way to kill, to destroy it. Many protest actions are reported. 70 top respected academicians of RAS had declared, that if the project is accepted, they do not consider the new RAS as succeeder of RAS, and will not enter the new "academy" as memners. The Russian original of their letter is loaded as Неприятие реформы РАН. The English translation is loaded as Against the RAS reform.

Many colleagues consider the project of the RAS reform as form of plundering of properties of the Russian academic society and final destruction of science in Russia [7][8][9].

The reform of RAS is considered as its destruction. Many academicians of RAS do not recognise the new organisation (that is expected to be created instead of RAS and is supposed to use the same name, Russian Academy of Sciences) as succeeder of RAS [10].

(See Against the RAS reform). In such a way, both, the property and the name of RAS are planned to be plundered.

Some links about RAS reform are suggested in Notices of the American Mathematical Society [11]

Opinions

Yulya Latynina indicates "The Decay of the Academy of Sciences" [12]

Boris Kagarlitsky qualifies the reform of RAS as "Death Sentence for Russian Science" [13].

Yulia Ponomareva qualifies the RAS reform as "controversial" [14].

Categoric rejection of the reform of RAS is expressed by the academicians of RAS [15]. The English translation of their letter is loaded to TORI, see Against the RAS reform.

Many similar opinions are collected in the article About the RAS reform.

Attempts to save RAS

Researchers qualify the "reform" of RAS announced as its destruction and elimination, and try to save it, writing the open letters [16]. During 2013 July, the petition to the Russian president about RAS has collected of order of $10^4$ signatures [17].

If leaders of the Russian government have goal to exterminate science in Russia, then the letters and warnings to V.Putin about RAN will not help to save RAN. Nevertheless, even in this case, such letters may have sense in order to disable Vladimir Putin to say "I did not know, that such a reform will destroy the academy if science and science in Russia": thousands colleagues communicate him saying this, and everyone knows about existing of these letters.

References

  1. http://www.novayagazeta.ru/politics/58915.html Александр Рубцов. No pasaРАН. Академический погром как симптоматика медленной агонии. 05.07.2013 .. Да, Академия погрязла в проблемах, но те, кто берется ее якобы лечить, сами куда более проблемны. .. Взорвался «Протон» с тремя спутниками, говорят, освященный, говорят, за 50 тыс. руб. (интересно, из какого бюджета). Давайте освободим от всей движимости и недвижимости РПЦ, чтобы попы не тратили время и силы на управление гигантским имуществом, но могли сосредоточиться на молитве и духовном окормлении паствы духовными секретами. .. Бывший директор ЦЕРНа заявил, что он в шоке, и напомнил об уникальном опыте расформирования академии при Муссолини. ..
  2. http://www.mk.ru/politics/article/2013/07/02/877911-v-dume-sravnili-reformu-ran-s-sobyitiyami-v-natsistskoy-germanii.html Марина Лемуткина, Наталья Мущинкина. В Думе сравнили реформу РАН с событиями в нацистской Германии. Московский Комсомолец № 26270 от 3 июля 2013 г. .. нечто подобное, напомнила депутат, произошло в Германии, откуда с приходом к власти фашистов уехало большинство ведущих ученых. .. итальянский классик современной алгебры Катанезе заявил, что за все 400 лет своего существования Академия наук его страны реформировалась подобным образом лишь однажды – по приказу Муссолини.
  3. http://rt.com/politics/outraged-suggested-reform-academy-483/ Scientists, Communists blast planned Academy of Sciences reform as fraud Get short URL Published time: July 01, 2013 14:51
  4. http://en.ria.ru/russia/20130705/182067268/Parliament-Committee-Approves-Academy-of-Sciences-Reform.html Parliament Committee Approves Academy of Sciences Reform. 07:12 05/07/2013. .. The bill proposes handing control over the academy’s vast assets and 434 scholarly institutes to a new state agency. Under this bill, the academy would also be merged with two other state academies, for agriculture and medicine. ..
  5. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/contentious-science-reform-bill-passes-in-second-reading/482769.html Contentious Science Reform Bill Passes in Second Reading 05 July 2013.
  6. http://english.pravda.ru/russia/economics/08-07-2013/125060-russian_academy_sciences-0/ Anton Evseev. Who wants the Russian Academy of Sciences to collapse? 08.07.2013. It is clear that the Russian Academy of Sciences in its present form needs reforms. Not that long ago, the Russian government announced that the reform bill had been developed. However, it is not clear why the reforms of such an important science structure as the Russian Academy of Sciences, are being carried out in a rush, excluding expert consultations with academics?
  7. http://rt.com/politics/outraged-suggested-reform-academy-483/ Scientists, Communists blast planned Academy of Sciences reform as fraud. July 01, 2013 14:51 .. Firstly, the government wants to merge three existing major academies (The Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences) into one “public-state organization.” Three more academies – of Education, of Architecture and Construction and of Arts – would be passed under the control of federal ministries. // Secondly, the academies would be stripped of their property rights, transferring the property managing functions to a federal agency that would be specially created for this purpose. ..
  8. http://rt.com/politics/vote-reform-sciences-academy-593/ Hundreds protest across Russia as Duma gives first nod to Academy of Sciences reform. July 03, 2013 14:28. Pickets and rallies have taken place in major Russian cities and near the Lower House HQ, but the State Duma still decided to vote on the controversial bill drastically changing the financing and property schemes in Russian science.
  9. http://rbth.asia/news/2013/07/10/russian_parliament_postpones_contentious_science_reform_47851.html Yulia Ponomareva. Russian parliament postpones contentious science reform. 14:54 July 10, 2013. Under the bill, scientific organisations with the Academy will be supervised by an authorised executive agency. "They wish to have officials run the Academy. What do these officials know about science?" Yury Pivovarov, acclaimed historian and RAS academician, said when commenting why academics slam the bill.
  10. http://trv-science.ru/2013/07/02/zayavlyaem-ob-otkaze-vstupit-v-novuyu-ran/ Уважаемые члены РАН! .. (2013, July)
  11. http://www.ams.org/notices/201309/rnoti-p1144.pdf D.Kouznetosv. Plundering the Russian Academy of Sciences. Notices of the AMS V. 60, No. 9, p. 1144.
  12. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/opinion/article/the-decay-of-the-academy-of-sciences/482938.html Yulia Latynina. The Decay of the Academy of Sciences. 10 July 2013.
  13. http://www.themoscowtimes.com/opinion/article/death-sentence-for-russian-science/482987.html Boris Kagarlitsky. Death Sentence for Russian Science. 10 July 2013. Under the proposed law, a government ministry would appoint the directors of all research centers, and the associated buildings and properties would be managed by a specially created state agency. What happens next is easy to predict by considering the fate suffered by other institutions under government control: They are simply liquidated by combining institutions with similar names, dismissing hundreds of scientists in the process. Then the new entity is moved to a different building far from the city center so that the original, far more valuable real estate can be sold.
  14. http://rbth.ru/science_and_tech/2013/07/08/controversial_reform_of_russian_academy_of_sciences_postpone_27891.html Yulia Ponomareva. Controversial reform of Russian Academy of Sciences postponed. July 8, 2013.
  15. http://trv-science.ru/2013/07/02/zayavlyaem-ob-otkaze-vstupit-v-novuyu-ran/ Уважаемые члены РАН! .. (2013, July)
  16. http://samlib.ru/k/kuznecow_d_j/saveras.shtml Save Ras. 12/07/2013
  17. http://save-russian-academy.org/ SAVE RUSSIAN ACADEMY. СПАСИТЕ РАН. (2013, July)

http://news.sciencemag.org/scienceinsider/2013/06/new-law-would-deal-a-blow-to-rus.html Vladimir Pokrovsky. New Law Would Deal a Blow to Russian Academy. 28 June 2013, 5:25 PM. .. Many scientists are too blinded by rage to focus on their work. The legislation is a "national tragedy," fumes Alexandr Spirin, an academician and former director of the Institute of Protein Research in Pushchino. "The academy will lose the independence it has enjoyed since the time of Peter the Great," the Russian czar who created RAS in 1724, he says. ..

http://abicko.avcr.cz/sd/news/main-page/news_0121.html Russian Academy of Sciences threatened by new law. 1 Jul 2013.

http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/scientists-slam-academy-reform/482637.html Scientists Slam Academy Reform. 03 July 2013. Prominent academic Alexei Yablokov, who works as an adviser to the Russian Academy of Sciences and coordinates the Green Russia faction of liberal opposition party Yabloko, said the reform plan did "not serve the interests of science" but is aimed at someone's "short-term enrichment."// "This was done to seize the property," Yablokov said by telephone Tuesday, referring to the academy's current right to lease its premises, which belong to the state.

http://en.ria.ru/russia/20130705/182076204/Police-Raid-Academy-of-Sciences-in-Illegal-Immigration-Sweep.html Police Raid Academy of Sciences in Illegal Immigration Sweep. 17:58 05/07/2013.

http://www.eusja.org/no-reforms-in-secrecy/ VIOLA EGIKOVA. No reforms in secrecy! 29. JUNE 2013. Special meetings of Russian scientists will be organized in many science institutes next week. Russian scientists protest. They turn to science journalists to speak about the situation loudly, scientists insist: the reforms must be discussed with the science institutes and the academy, with the universities. They say: if the actual bill will be approved, this will destroy Russian science.

http://www.eusja.org/russian-academy-of-sciences-threatened-by-new-law/ MARINA. Russian Academy of Sciences threatened by new law. 2. JULY 2013. .. Young scientists from the Far Eastern Department of RAS published the Open letter about the liquidation of RAS

http://revolution-news.com/russia-moscow-five-activists-detained-during-protest-at-state-duma/ Russia, Moscow – Five activists detained during protest at State Duma. July 5, 2013. On Tuesday, about 1,000 scientists held a protest at the old building of Sciences at Leninsky Prospekt in Moscow. In addition, more than 1,000 people gathered for a rally in the courtyard of the St. Petersburg Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences.

http://www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/russlands-akademie-der-wissenschaften-putins-todesurteil-12647881.html KERSTIN HOLM. Putins Todesurteil. 04.11.2013 · Wladimir Putin entsorgt Russlands Akademie der Wissenschaften: Die altehrwürdige Institution hat schon zahlreiche Nobelpreisträger hervorgebracht; künftig weht dort der kalte Wind der Ökonomie.