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In 1968 (10 November), Lovelace and his collaborators discovered period \(P\approx 33\) ms of the Crab Pulsar.[1][2] As a graduate student working at Arecibo Observatory, Lovelace developed a version of the Fast Fourier transform program [3] which was adapted to run on the Arecibo Observatory's CDC 3200 computer [4]. This program helped to separate the periodic pulsar signal from the noise, and one night he discovered the period of the Crab pulsar, which is approximately 33 ms. [5][6] At the on of October of 1968, observers from the National Radio Astronomy Observatory reported that two pulsating sources were found near the Crab Nebula and could be coincident with it, and that both sources were sporadic, with no evident periodicities.[7][8]. On November 9 of 1968, Lovelace finished his computing program, and on the night from 9 to 10 of November he discovered that one of pulsars have a period of approximately 33 ms, which was the shortest period pulsar at that time.[9]. Lovelace and collaborators found that only one pulsar is present in the Crab Nebula (the NP 0532 - the Crab Pulsar), and found its period with a high precision: 33.09 ms. They also found that the pulsar was located in the center of the Crab Nebula, with precision of 10'.[5]



  1. “Pulsar NP 0532 Near Crab Nebula” R. V. E. Lovelace, J. M. Sutton, and H. D. Craft 1968, November, IAU Circ., No. 2113, #1 (1968)
  2. "Out of the Zenith. Jodrell Bank 1957-1970" Sir. Bernard Lovell, 1973, London: Oxford University Press, pp 1-255 (see page159).
  3. "Digital Search Methods for Pulsars" 1969, R. V. E. Lovelace, J. M. Sutton, E. E. Salpeter, Nature 222 (5190), 231-233.
  4. "On the Discovery of the Period of the Crab Nebula Pulsar" R.V.E. Lovelace & G. Leonard Tyler, 2012, The Observatory, V. 132, p. 186-188
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Crab nebula pulsar NP 0532" 1969, J. M. Comella, H. D. Craft, R. V. E. Lovelace, J. M. Sutton, G. L. Tyler, Nature 221 (5179), 453-454.
  6. "Astrophysical Formulae. Space, Time, Matter and Cosmology" Kenneth R. Lang 2014, Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  7. "Pulsating radio sources near Crab Nebula" Howard, W. E., Staelin, D. H., Reifenstein, E. C. 1968, IAU Circ., No. 2110, #2 (1968)
  8. "Pulsating Radio Sources near the Crab Nebula" Staelin, David H. and Reifenstein, Edward C., III, December 1968, Science, Volume 162, Issue 3861, pp. 1481-1483
  9. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bondi1968