Linear fuction

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Iterates of \(T(z)=A+Bz~\) at \(~A\!=\!1\), \(B\!=\!2~\); \(~y=T^n(x)~\) versus \(x\) for various \(n\)

Linear function is function that can be represented in form

\((1) ~ ~ ~ T(z)=A+B z\)

where \(A\) and \(B\) are constants (for example some complex numbers)

Abelfunction and Superfunction

Superfunction \(F\) for the linear function \(T\) by (1) can be written as follows:

\((2) ~ ~ ~ \displaystyle F(z)= A \frac{1-B^z}{1-B}\)

The corresponding Abel function can be expressed as follows:

\((3) ~ ~ ~ \displaystyle G(z)= \log_B\Big(1+\frac{B-1}{A}z \big)\)


Iterate of the linear function can be expressed through the superfunction and the Abel function in the standard way,

\((4) ~ ~ ~ \displaystyle T^n(z)=F(n+G(z))\)

Substitution of the Superfunction \(F\) by (2) and the Abel function \(G\) by (3) into equation (4) gives aslo linear function

\((5) ~ ~ ~ \displaystyle T^n(z)= \frac{-A+B^n\Big( A+(-1+B) z\Big)}{-1+B}=A \frac {B^n-1}{B-1} +B^n z\)

with new parameters \(A \frac {B^n-1}{B-1}\) instead of \(A\) in (1) and \(B^n\) instead of \(B\). With this representation, the number \(n\) of iteration has no need to be integer. As other holomophic functions, the linear function can be iterated even complex number of times.



Abel function, Holomorphic function, Iteration, Superfunction