Also, Tori (鳥) is name of first admin of this site (since 2011 to June 2013).
TORI should not be confused with Tory which is name of the British Conservative party.
It you look for some "instanding" concept, then, TORI may be not best place to begin with. You may go to Citizendium, Wikipedia, or just watch some TV; such a watching implies neither criticism, nor science, not thinking, nor any other activity specific for Humans.
TORI is created for the collection and development of concepts satisfying all the 6 axioms below; such concepts are qualified as scientific. This makes difference between TORI and sites of other "outstanding" philosophies (religious cults, political parties, etc.)
P.S. Sorry, the previous location of TORI, id est tori.ils.uec.ac.jp/TORI had been disabled since 2013 February 27.
Axioms of TORI
TORI is constructed on the base of 6 axioms. Each scientific concept is assumed to have the following properties:
S1. Applicability: The concept has some limited range of validity, distinguishable from the empty set.
S2. Verifiability: In the terms of the already accepted concepts, some specific experiment with some specific result, that confirms the concept, can be described.
S3. Refutability: In the terms of the concept, some specific experiment with some specific result, that negates the concept, can be described.
S4. Selfconsistency: No internal contradictions of the concept are known.
S5. Principle of correspondence: If the range of validity of a new concept intersects the range of validity of another already accepted concept, then, the new concept either reproduces the results of the old concept, or indicates the way to refute it. (For example, the estimate of the range of validity of the old concept may be wrong.)
S6. Pluralism: Mutually-contradictive concepts may coexist; if two concepts satisfying S1-S5 have some common range of validity, then, in this range, the simplest of them has priority.
In TORI, the development and analysis of the concepts satisfying the axioms S1-S6 is called science . The colleagues who accept the axioms above are cordially invited to participate as authors, editors and/or reviewers of TORI.
The logo at the left upper corner indicates that the function square root of factorial (that remains symbol of the Physics department of the Moscow State University) first time has been implemented in Japan . Such a function is an example of that falls into the category of science determined with the axioms above.
Content of TORI
The main working language of TORI is English, but the texts may be also in Japanese, in Russian, in Spanish or in other languages. The translations and the links to the translations are welcomed. The texts may be scientific, religious or artistic; the religious and artistic texts are supposed to be illustrations for scientific texts. Colleagues who want to collaborate, should send their short CV (preferably less than one screen) to the Top Editor, dima(at)ils.uec.ac.jp
The quality of texts for TORI is estimated by the Main Editor; if possible – on the base of opinions of the voluntary reviewers; so, the post-moderation is assumed. The texts should allow the free distribution; the primary sources (if copypasted from already published articles) should be attributed. The attribution is important to simplify the tracing (and correction) of errors, if any.
The main orientation of TORI is Science; especially Mathematics and Physics; other topics may appear as they touch Science. Especially interesting is Laser science, as it deals with one of the most developed applications of Quantum mechanics. In order see what is it about, one may look at the article ILS.
TORI represent mainly the doubtful concepts; concepts, that stay outside from the main stream of the scientific research; concept that cause discussions. For the official information about our Institute, please, go to the official site http://www.ils.uec.ac.jp
Some articles TORI apply not only to Physics, but to othed sciences too. The declarations of the Russian representatives about Katyn-2 are examples of violation of logic; the news about the Nevsky_Express_bombing_(2009) appear as violation of the principle of causality, the claims about gravitsapa (and other activity of the Khrunichev's center and, especially, the Maximov's institute) contradict the law of conservation of energy-momentum. The Fukushima disaster appeared because it affects the development of TORI. However, even in these cases, the 6 axioms above still apply to the concepts suggested (for example, apply to the question Who contaminates Japan?). Since 2012 the situation about Fukushima normalized and the main orientation of TORI recovered. However, some deviations due to, for example, fraud at the 2011.12.04.Election may happen from time to time, the world-wide frauds are analyzed with high priority. The same apply to the statements of some colleagues about Skolkovo. If someone believe that Skolkovo is scientific center, one may express this point of view, confirming it with links to the results obtained at Skolkovo.
The content of TORI may be used for free; however the source should be attributed. It is not for the keeping of the priority, but to simplify the tracing and correction of errors, if any.
Criticizm of TORI
TORI is not expected to compete with Wikipedia, Citizendium, nor with other wikis. Some articles from there are imported to simplify the referencing, but the most of TORI articles are supposed to express some view pretty different from that of other resources. Such a view, according to the axioms above, should be justified. This justification appears as critics.
No any customs, additional to the 6 axioms declared, are accepted as canonical; all the other statements are considered as refutable concepts and must allow the critics. In this sense, TORI is very critical.
TORI represents the point of view of the Top Editor, namely Dmitrii Kouznetsov, and not the policy of the ILS. Therefore, critics of TORI and the suggestions about the improvement should be send directly to the Editor dima(ɑ)ils.uec.ac.jp .
If You think, that your point of view is important for the Science, as it is defined above, please express it in a form, suitable for copypasting "as is". Your text may include critics of TORI.
The content of TORI is compiled on the base of work of many colleagues; and the achievements described in TORI are assumed to be attributed to the Scientific Community. However, all the mistakes and all the cases of unilateral representation of phenomena and events are just errors of the Editor. The indications of these errors are appreciated; they will be corrected as soon as possible.
The critics of the article in TORI should be expressed either in English, or in the same language, as the main language of the article. Articles in Spanish should be criticized in Spanish, articles in Japanese should be criticized in Japanese, articles in Russian should be criticized in Russian.
TORI represent the point of view of the Editor, and not the point of view of the Administration of our Institute. For the official site of our institute, please, go to http://www.ils.uec.ac.jp
If you disagree with some statements, you should criticize them and suggest your statement, your concept on the topic. Attempts to remove the existing content, instead of to express your point of view, are qualified as vandalism, scientific misconduct, censorship and elements of fascism and inquisition.
- http://pphmj.com/abstract/5076.htm D.Kouznetsov. Support of non-traditional concepts. Far East Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Physics, 1, No.1, p.1-6 (2010)
- http://ufn.ru/tribune/trib120111 D.Kouznetsov. Place of science and physics in the human knowledge. Physics-Uspekhi, v.181, Трибуна, p.1-9 (2011, in Russian)
- Place of science in the human knowledge
http://mizugadro.mydns.jp/PAPERS/2013jmp.pdf D.Kouznetsov. TORI axioms and the application in Physics. Journal of Modern Physics, 2013, v 4, 1159-1164
- http://www.springerlink.com/content/qt31671237421111/fulltext.pdf?page=1 D.Kouznetsov, H.Trappmann. Superfunctions and square root of factorial. Moscow University Physics Bulletin, 2010, v.65, No.1, p.6-12