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, or : \(4\!\times\!10^6\) $

, or : gold, jewelry

, or : drawing [1]

, X91D1 is Unicode character number 37329, KanjiLiberal.

In Japanese, may denote money or Au.
It can be pronounced as "kane" or "kin".

The reference to Unicode character number 63754, id est, (XF90A), redirects here.
Usually, a software confuses unicode characters 37329 and 63754; the mediawiki is not an exception.

Encoding of , and

KanjiLiberal , X91D1 has synonyms, that have similar meaning and similar sounds. These synonyms are considered in this section.

Unicode characters
(X91D1) and
have similar graphical representation.

Some of these characters are difficult to type with the conventional keyboards.
Some programming is necessary to avoid confusions.
The PHP program gold.t below reveals difference between these three characters.
File uni.t also should be loaded for the execution.

include "uni.t";

$a =unichr(0x2fa6); //echo "$a\n";
$a.=unichr(0x91d1); //echo "$a\n";
$a.=unichr(0xf90a); echo "$a\n";

echo "The array has $N bytes; here is its splitting:\n";

for($n=0;$n<$N;$n++) {printf("%02x ",ord($a[$n]) );}
echo "\n";
$b = mb_str_split($a);
printf("Unicode character number %05d id est, x%04X\n",$u,$u);
echo "Picture: $c uses $d bytes. These bytes are:\n";
for($n=0;$n<$d;$n++) printf("x%2X ",ord($c[$n]));
printf("in the hexadecimal representation and\n");
for($n=0;$n<$d;$n++) printf("%3d ",ord($c[$n]));
printf("in the decimal representation\n");

File uni.t also should be loaded in order to execute command
php gold.t

The output is:

The array has 9 bytes; here is its splitting:
e2 be a6 e9 87 91 ef a4 8a
array(3) {
  string(3) "⾦"
  string(3) "金"
  string(3) "金"

Unicode character number 12198 id est, x2FA6
Picture: ⾦ uses 3 bytes. These bytes are:
xE2 xBE xA6 in the hexadecimal representation and
226 190 166 in the decimal representation

Unicode character number 37329 id est, x91D1
Picture: 金 uses 3 bytes. These bytes are:
xE9 x87 x91 in the hexadecimal representation and
233 135 145 in the decimal representation

Unicode character number 63754 id est, xF90A
Picture: 金 uses 3 bytes. These bytes are:
xEF xA4 x8A in the hexadecimal representation and
239 164 138 in the decimal representation


In Chinese and in Japanese languages, kanji (X91D1) may mean "money" or "gold", Au.

KanjiRadical (X2FA6) have similar meaning.


In Japanese, kanji (X91D1) can be pronounced as
かね (kane), if it means "money" (Fig.1), and
キン (kin), if it means Au (Fig.2).

KanjiRadical (X2FA6) have similar pronunciation.


The graphical representation of character X91D1 looks as overlapping of other unicode characters:
picture of character X3403 at the top and
picture of character X2F74 at the bottom.


(X91D1) and
are easy fo confuse.

This confusion is recognized [2][3][4].

Even some software (including mediawiki) confuses characters XF91D1 and XF90A. While this common bug is not corrected, in order to avoid confusions, it may have sense to use notations X2FA6, X91D1 and XF90A instead of , and .

Similar confusion occurs with characters X2F25, X5973 and XF981.

In addition, character (X91D1) looks similar to Unicode symbol (X4F59); the difference is in orientation of lateral diagonal bars at the bottom right and at the bottom left and absence of the bottom horizontal bar.


  1.金-order.gif English: This 金-order.gif image depicting the stroke order of the character 金 (Traditional Radical 167) in order.gif style. This image is part of the Commons:Stroke Order Project(zh-de-ja), a project to create a complete set of images depicting the right stroke order (Protocols). Few 214 Kangxi radicals have been completed by hand for few styles. As of 2021, more scalable SVG-based approach exists : help should now go to AnimeCJK and MakeMeAHanzi.
  2. 2FA6 KANGXI RADICAL GOLD Han Script id: allowed confuse: ,
  3. 91D1 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-91D1 Han Script id: restricted confuse: ,
  4. F90A CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F90A Han Script id: allowed confuse: ,


Gold gold.t, Japanese, KanjiLiberal, KanjiRadical, Money, PHP, Unicode, uni.t, X2FA6, X91D1, XF90A, , , ,