Fukushima disaster, timeline of links

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There are many links about the the explosions of nuclear reactors in Japan in 2011 March. Some of these links are used in the articles
Fukushima disaster,
Fukushima disaster, questions,
Fukushima nuclear plant,
Letter to Emperor (Kouznetsov),
Who contaminates Japan,
Russia used the nuclear weapon in 2011,
From Chernobyl to Fukushima,
Akio Komori,
Masataka Shimizu,
Kan Naoto.

Links are collected below in the chronological order.



March 12.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KzABEkkc10 Japan nuclear plant fukushima- heavy explosions (March 12, 2011)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_ZnhwJwX1E New Chernobyl// Nuclear Emergency in Japan‎ by the 8.9 Earthquake. nuclearatomicbomb, Mar 12, 2011. (In Japanese)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kTn9vFN0eDE&NR=1 Fukushima, Japan - Nuclear Reactor Explosion - 12/03/2011

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5KzABEkkc10 Japan nuclear plant fukushima- heavy explosions (March 12, 2011)

http://www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/03/12/earthquake-japan-nuclear-explosion.html Partial meltdown likely: Japanese official. The Associated Press Posted: Mar 12, 2011 A partial meltdown was likely under way at a second nuclear reactor, a top Japanese official said Sunday, as authorities frantically tried to prevent a similar threat from a nearby unit following a catastrophic earthquake and tsunami.// Some 170,000 people have been ordered to evacuate the area covering a radius of 20 kilometres around the plant in Fukushima.// Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano said operators released slightly radioactive air from Unit 3 Sunday, while injecting water into it as an effort to reduce pressure and temperature to save the reactor from a possible meltdown.// Still, a partial meltdown in the unit is "highly possible," he told reporters.// "Because it's inside the reactor, we cannot directly check it but we are taking measures on the assumption of the possible partial meltdown," he said.// Edano said radiation levels briefly rose above legal limits, but they had since declined significantly. Also, fuel rods were exposed briefly, he said, indicating that coolant water didn't cover the rods for some time. That would contribute further to raising the temperature in the reactor vessel.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/12/AR2011031201879.html?sid=ST2011031100651 Andrew Higgins (Washington Post Foreign Service). In Japan, damaged nuclear plants create fears of radioactive threat. Washington Post, Saturday, March 12, 2011; 6:58 PM. Evacuees are scanned to check for possible exposure to radiation resulting from an explosion at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, after an 8.9 magnitude earthquake shook the region.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/03/12/AR2011031205493.html Steven Mufson. Japanese nuclear plants' operator scrambles to avert meltdowns. Washington Post, March 13, 2011; 12:29 AM. Japanese authorities said Sunday that efforts to restart the cooling system at one of the reactors damaged by Friday's earthquake had failed, a major setback in the struggle to contain what has become the most serious nuclear power crisis in a quarter century.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/world/japan-nuclear-reactors-and-seismic-activity/ Kenneth D. Bergeron. How the nuclear emergency unfolded. Washington Post, March 12, 2011. Friday’s disaster cut power to the system, and the tsunami disabled backup diesel generators. A third backup, turbines driven by steam from the reactor, generated electricity needed to run water through the reactor vessel. However, batteries used to control the operation of the reactor have been exhausted, but new diesel generators have been delivered. Fuel rods in the core of reactor number 2 were reportedly exposed and at least partially out of water. Reactor number 1 reported leakage of reactor coolant and elevated radiation levels in the control room// Damaged reactor Radioactive Cesium 137 has been released into the environment, indicating core damage in at least one reactor// ... Japanese officials on said Saturday that radiation levels per hour at the site at one point were 1,000 times the amount an individual should be exposed to in a year.

http://www.irsn.fr/FR/popup/Pages/irsn-meteo-france_19mars.aspx Modélisation de la dispersion des rejets radioactifs dans l’atmosphère à l’échelle globale. 2011 March 12, forecast. (In French)

http://www.garynull.com/home/yoichi-shimatsu-secret-weapons-program-inside-fukushima-nucl.html "Yoichi Shimatsu" - Secret Weapons Program Inside Fukushima Nuclear Plant? APRIL 12, 2011 Confused and often conflicting reports out of Fukushima 1 nuclear plant cannot be solely the result of tsunami-caused breakdowns, bungling or miscommunication. Inexplicable delays and half-baked explanations from Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) seem to be driven by some unspoken factor.

March 13

http://blogs.crikey.com.au/planetalking/2011/03/13/tracking-the-fallout-and-falsehoods-at-fukushima/ Ben Sandilands. Tracking the fallout and falsehoods at Fukushima. March 13, 2011. It is the second plant at Daiichi which has been the focus of most attention given the blast that removed an outer wall from its No 1 unit yesterday afternoon, and admissions within recent hours that its No 3 unit is ‘probably’ experiencing partial meltdown because of the failure of its fail safe emergency cooling system, putting it in the same parlous state as that assigned to the No 2 Daiichi unit yesterday… Extensive evacuations of more than 200,000 people living in the immediate vicinity of both plants are underway, and potassium iodide tablets are being distributed to inhibit the uptake of radiodine nuclear contaminants by the thyroid gland.

http://www.news.com.au/world/japan-attempts-to-cool-nuclear-reactor/story-e6frfkyi-1226020670565 John Price, March 13, 2011 5:23PM. Fukushima reactor fears: The nuclear fail-safes and how they work. The first point of great importance is that all the reactors shut down when the earthquake occurred at 2.46pm local time on March 11, 2011. At that time the control rods entered the core and shut down the nuclear reaction...

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=10712136 Japan faces nuclear emergency. Sunday Mar 13, 2011.Tokyo Electric Power notified Japan's nuclear safety agency that hourly radiation at the site was measured at 882 micro sievert, in excess of the allowable level of 500... Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano warned of the risk of a second explosion at the quake-hit Fukushima nuclear plant... Part of the No. 3 reactor could be deformed, but would not meltdown, he said// Earlier, he told media radioactive meltdowns may have occurred in two reactors.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/ultimate-impact-of-damage-to-japan-nuclear-reactors-still-unknown/2011/03/13/ABbwoBU_story.html Brian Vastag. Ultimate impact of damage to Japan nuclear reactors still unknown. March 13, 11:20 PM. The detection of the highly radioactive elements cesium-137 and iodine-131 outside the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant heralds the beginning of an ecological and human tragedy. The open question is whether it will be limited, serious or catastrophic.

http://igorpodgorny.livejournal.com/267676.html?view=3686044 Япония, 13 марта: мониторинг ситуации вокруг АЭС Фукусима. (There is wide List of references, most of them are in Russian.)

March 14

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/japan-faces-catastrophic-radiation-leak-warns-people-to-stay-indoors/2011/03/14/ABdwq2V_story.html ERIC TALMADGE and SHINO YUASA. Residents warned to stay indoors near Japan nuke plant after new, catastrophic radiation leak. Washington Post, Monday, March 14, 11:52 PM.

March 15

http://edition.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/03/14/japan.hiroshima/index.html?hpt=C2 Eve Bower. Nuclear crisis recalls painful memories in Hiroshima. March 15, 2011, 0412 GMT. Hiroshima survivor Keijiro Matsushima: 'It's like the third atomic bomb attack on Japan, but this time we made it ourselves'.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/2011/03/14/ABk6rQV_story.html?wpisrc=nl_natlalert Steven Mufson and Chico Harlan, Tuesday, March 15, 12:44 AM Japan’s nuclear crisis grows more dire after third explosion, reactor fire. Japan battles to prevent a nuclear catastrophe and to care for millions of people without power or water in its worst crisis since World War II.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/15/us-japan-quake-roof-idUSTRE72E8H920110315 Japan safety agency: roof cracked at Fukushima No 4 reactor. Mar 15, 2011 4:47pm.

http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fgw-japan-quake-reactor-fire-20110316,0,7859671.story Carol J. Williams, Times Staff Writer. Fire erupts again at Fukushima Daiichi's No. 4 reactor. March 15, 2011, 4:12 p.m. A new fire breaks out in the No. 4 reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex. The plant's operator says the fire reignited because an initial blaze was not completely extinguished. Another fire at Japan's stricken Fukushima Daiichi (No. 1) nuclear power complex broke out early Wednesday, compounding the spree of disasters expected to take historic peacetime tolls on the nation's people and economy... 450,000 people remained in makeshift shelters outside the evacuated areas..

http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/nuclear-crisis-deepens-as-third-reactor-loses-cooling-capacity/2011/03/14/ABk6rQV_story_1.html Brian Vastag and Chico Harlan. New fire reported at nuclear plant as Japan races to avert catastrophe. Washington Post, Tuesday, March 15, 6:41 PM .. NHK television reported that the Japanese government had ordered the country’s 47 prefectures to publicly report recorded radiation levels twice a day... Higher-than-normal radiation levels were detected in Tokyo, roughly 150 miles from Fukushima.. In Ibaraki, roughly 70 miles from Tokyo, levels were briefly 100 times the normal measure, according to the Kyodo news agency.. Amid the four-day-long emergency at the Fukushima Daiichi plant, Japan’s public has grown skeptical about the reliability of official information, criticizing Tokyo Electric officials in particular for their vague answers during news conferences.// Kan himself was not briefed on the Tuesday morning explosion until after it had been reported on television. According to a Kyodo reporter who overheard the conversation, Kan later grilled the company representatives, asking, “What the hell is going on?”// During a midmorning news conference, four Tokyo Electric officials revealed almost no information about the blast.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/anxious-foreigners-flee-japan/2011/03/15/ABrlvnW_story.html Rick Maese and Erin Cox. Anxious foreigners flee Japan. Tuesday, March 15, 10:14 PM The lack of information — or the unreliability of it — has frustrated not only citizens, but also foreigners who call Japan home. But fleeing the country has not been simple. Flights were selling out quickly. With no trains and little gasoline, transportation to Tokyo from the north has been close to impossible.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/latest-nuclear-plant-explosion-in-japan-raises-radiation-fears/2011/03/15/ABwTmha_story.html?wpisrc=nl_natlalert Brian Vastag and Rick Maese, Wednesday, March 16, 6:20 AM.... As radiation levels rose around the plant, the lone 50 workers charged with cooling efforts were temporarily relocated. Hundreds of other workers had been evacuated Tuesday because conditions were deemed so dangerous... Japan’s Health and Welfare minister had to waive the nation’s standard of radiation exposure, increasing levels of acceptable exposure from 100 millisieverts to 250--five times the level allowed in the United States... The second helicopter, a Boeing CH-47 was scheduled to make several passes, dropping seawater onto Unit 3, which had suffered an explosion on Monday that resulted in structural damage that appears to have compromised the reactor. But the crew on the lead chopper found radiation levels were too high to carry out the risky mission... Tepco said a skeleton crew of 50 to 70 employees — far fewer than the 1,400 or more at the plant during normal operations — had been working in shifts to keep seawater flowing to the three reactors now in trouble. Their withdrawal left the plant with nobody to continue cooling operations...

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8384059/Japan-earthquake-Japan-warned-over-nuclear-plants-WikiLeaks-cables-show.html Steven Swinford, Christopher Hope. An official from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said in December 2008 that safety rules were out of date and strong earthquakes would pose a "serious problem" for nuclear power stations. 9:30PM GMT 15 Mar 2011. The Japanese government pledged to upgrade safety at all of its nuclear plants, but will now face inevitable questions over whether it did enough. While it responded to the warnings by building an emergency response centre at the Fukushima plant, it was only designed to withstand magnitude 7.0 tremors.

March 16

http://www.svobodanews.ru/archive/ru_news_zone/20110316/17/17.html?id=2340635 К аварийной японской АЭС подводят новую линию электропередачи. 16 марта 2011. В Японии в районе повреждённой землетрясением японской АЭС "Фукусима-Дайичи" завершается прокладка линии электропередачи, которая должна восстановить работу систем охлаждения на аварийных реакторах.// Как передаёт Associated Press, об этом сообщил представитель Токийской электрической компании, которая эксплуатирует АЭС.// Он отметил, что подача энергии по новой линии должна начаться в кратчайшие сроки.

(P.S. The electric line mentioned seems to be finished March 19; the link wanted.)

http://online.kitp.ucsb.edu/online/plecture/bmonreal11/ Benjamin Monreal. How Bad is the Reactor Meltdown in Japan? Mar 16, 2011, English verison.
http://ribf.riken.jp/~koji/jishin/zhen_zai.html カリフォルニア大学のMonreal氏による講演のスライド. 震災. 福島原発の放射能を理解する (Japanese version)

http://blogs.wsj.com/japanrealtime/2011/03/16/tepco-versus-the-media/ Atsuko Fukase. The executive’s answer: “We’ll check.”.. Tepco executives leave a press conference March 13. “We don’t have information here,” he explained.. After about two hours, the Tepco representative had the information: Turned out the smoke was coming not from reactor No. 4, but from reactor No. 3... If Tepco’s information had been delayed and vague, the reporters’ response was quick and direct. “You guys have been saying something different each time!” one shouted. “Don’t tell us things from your impression or thoughts, just tell us what’s going on. Your unclear answers are really confusing!”... And when the company changed its explanation of conditions at the reactor, one frustrated reporter said, “You guys think we’re ignorant [about nuclear operations] so you can make your explanation very vague, but we are not!”// The government may not be any more satisfied than the press is with Tepco’s disclosure practices. Local media reports say the prime minister scolded the company’s executives for not calling him after an explosion at the plant. He had to learn about it from the TV.

http://content.usatoday.com/communities/ondeadline/post/2011/03/new-fire-reported-at-fukushima-reactor-no-4/1 Mar 16, 2011. New Fukushima fear: Spent fuel at No. 4 might restart chain reaction.

March 17

http://edition.cnn.com/video/#/video/world/2011/03/17/nhk.aerials.reactors.nuke.plant.nhk Japan's power plant from the air.

http://www.svobodanews.ru/content/article/2340810.html Юрий Жигалкин, Алексей Моргун. События вокруг атомной электростанции "Фукусима" в Японии продолжают развиваться по весьма тревожному сценарию. 17.03.2011 08:23

http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/tsunamiupdate01.html Japanese Earthquake Update (17 March 01:15 UTC) Injuries or Contamination at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/japans-emperor-akihito-urges-quake-devastated-nation-to-share-the-burden/2011/03/16/ABsYvRd_story.html?wpisrc=nl_natlalert Rick Maese. State Dept., Pentagon offer to evacuate family members from Tokyo. Thursday, March 17, 12:52 AM.

http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/8503779-japanese-robots-help-at-all-but-not-right-now Asif Nazeer. Japanese robots help at all, but not right now. Mar 17, 2011.

http://www.newser.com/story/114384/japan-robots-where-are-they-amid-this-nuclear-disaster.html Nick McMaster. Japan Has Robots All Over —Except Nuke Plant. Mar 17, 2011 2:32.

http://www.boingboing.net/2011/03/17/japan-nuclear-crisis-1.html Maggie Koerth-Baker. Japan nuclear crisis: Where are the robots? 10:22 AM Thursday, Mar 17, 2011.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/8388394/Japan-earthquake-no-place-for-robots-as-human-heroes-stave-off-meltdown.html John Bingham. 5:29PM GMT 17 Mar 2011. It has built robots to take the place of chefs, concert pianists and even sumo wrestlers but when it comes to the perilous task of staving off nuclear disaster Japan has been left relying on human efforts.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/8388849/Japan-earthquake-Fukushima-plant-workers-increasingly-desperate.html Gordon Rayner. Japan earthquake: Fukushima plant workers increasingly desperate. 9:00PM GMT 17 Mar 2011. Helicopters, hose pipes and water cannon were all used to limited effect, but there were fears the volunteers were fighting a losing battle in what one expert likened to a kamikaze mission.

http://www.mext.go.jp/component/a_menu/other/detail/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2011/03/17/1303724_6_3.pdf Raw data for contamination for 2011 March 17 (In Japanese)

https://cibernoticiasexpress.wordpress.com/tag/fukushima/ RAFAEL MÉNDEZ. Todos son culpables en Fukushima. 17/April/2011. ..Tepco no nos ha explicado por qué no había empezado a ventear”, ha reconocido en rueda de prensa el portavoz del Gobierno japonés, Yukio Edano..

March 18

http://www.deccanherald.com/content/146750/japan-weighs-need-bury-nuclear.html Japan weighs need to bury nuclear plant. Tokyo, March 18, Reuters. Japanese engineers conceded on Friday that burying a crippled nuclear plant in sand and concrete may be the only way to prevent a catastrophic radiation release..

http://rus.ruvr.ru/2011/03/18/47628439.html Сергей Кириенко. Трагедия на японской АЭС Фукусима неизбежна. 18.03.2011, 18:16. Японские ликвидаторы, охлаждающие реакторы японской АЭС "Фукусима-1", лишь сдерживают темпы ухудшения ситуации, но не могут остановить ее развитие, заявил глава "Росатома" Сергей Кириенко на заседании Совбеза. (прим.ред.: Представители Росатома, как и прочие официальные представители РФ, обычно врут, поэтому это хорошая новость.) (In Russian. English interpretation: Sergey Kirienko makes very pessimistic forecast. Declarations by official representatives of RF are usually just misinformation; so, such a statement may be interpreted as a good news.)


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ikFx0J-Ipy0 dezdechado1965. on Mar 18, 2011. Dmitrij Bykov, Aleksandr Efremov. Последнее слово Михаила Ефремова. Поэт и Гражданин. (In Russian.)

http://www.mk.ru/politics/russia/article/2011/03/17/573539-kurilyi-nado-otdavat.html#1200570087 Юлия Калинина. Курилы надо отдавать. Московский Комсомолец № 25594 от 18 марта 2011 г.

March 19

http://rus.ruvr.ru/2011/03/19/47655267.html На АЭС "Фукусима-1" восстановлено электроснабжение (ВИДЕО). (In Russian. At Fukushima-1, the electric power supply is recovered. 2011 March 19.

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/asia/japan-sees-some-stablization-in-nuclear-crisis/430296 Kiyoshi Takenaka, Elaine Lies. Japan Sees Some Stablization in Nuclear Crisis. (Saturday March 19, 2011).Officials connected a power cable to the No. 2 reactor and planned to test power in reactors No. 1, 2, 3 and 4 on Sunday.

http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/asia/workers-miss-deadline-to-reconnect-power-at-nuclear-plant/430274 Yuji Okada & Sachiko Sakamaki. Workers Miss Deadline to Reconnect Power at Nuclear Plant. March 19, 2011

http://hamsayeh.net/world/478-tepco-managing-director-cried-after-admitting-fukushima-disaster-cover-up.html TEPCO Managing Director Cried After Admitting Fukushima Disaster Cover up. Saturday, 19 March 2011 00:06. The Japanese company TEPCO managing director at Fukushima Daichii I nuclear power plant Akio Aomori was shown on the national television.. Apparently, Aomori has finally admitted covering up of the scale of disaster at the crippled plant by his company for the purpose of not losing face. Amori acknowledged underreporting facts at Fukushima plant. He said his company was forced to mislead people because they feared that if people lose confidence in their government and officials the whole situation will become uncontrollable... Japanese authorities said they might have to simply abandon the plant, letting all of its reactors and spent fuel rods undergo meltdowns..

March 20


http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/international/fukushima-no-4-reactor-doused-tepco-tries-to-restore-power/430364 Yoshiaki Nohara, Joe Carroll. Fukushima No. 4 Reactor Doused; Tepco Tries to Restore Power March 20, 2011. “We are making progress one step at a time, but we will not let our guard down,” Japan’s Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Tetsuro Fukuyama said on public broadcaster NHK TV today...// “Reading from the figures of monitoring, we have a feeling that things are getting a little better,” the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency’s Nishiyama told reporters... In Tokyo, 220 kilometers (140 miles) to the south, people have been watching weather reports for signs that winds may carry fallout toward them.

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/20_23.html The Tokyo Electric Power Company has decided against releasing gases from the overheating No. 3 reactor in an attempt to reduce pressure inside the containment vessel... Sunday, March 20, 2011 17:42 +0900 (JST). TEPCO officials in Fukushima said on Sunday afternoon that pressure within the reactor containment vessel has begun to stabilize, and gases don't need to be released for the time being.

http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/power-cable-aids-bid-to-cool-fukushima-reactor/429142/ Power cable aids bid to cool Fukushima reactor. Bloomberg / Tokyo March 20, 2011, 0:09 IST “It’s really a question of how many of the pumping systems they can start up,” said George Dracoulis, a professor in the Australian National University’s nuclear physics department. “It’s still not clear whether all of them can be restarted because they may be damaged.”... A frontal system with heavy rain and northerly winds is predicted for tomorrow, “increasing the risk for the region around Tokyo,” Austria’s Meteorological and Geophysics Center said in a statement.

http://e.nikkei.com/e/fr/tnks/Nni20110320D20JF505.htm Fukushima No. 5, No. 6 Reactors Stable After Cold Shutdown. Sunday, March 20, 2011. TOKYO (Dow Jones) --The No. 5 and No. 6 reactors at the quake-hit Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant went into stable condition on Sunday, after a successful cold shutdown, Kyodo News reported Sunday.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-03/20/c_13789078.htm TOKYO, March 20 (Xinhua) -- The No. 5 and No. 6 reactors at the quake-damaged Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant went into stable condition on Sunday, local media reported.

March 21

http://www.theage.com.au/world/headway-as-fukushima-pumps-restart-20110320-1c2b4.html ENGINEERS have restored power to cooling pumps in two reactors at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, the first genuinely hopeful sign in the battle to prevent a meltdown at any of the six reactors. March 21, 2011. Officials of Tokyo Electric said temperatures in the No.5 and No.6 pools had begun to fall since the pumps restarted.

http://www.automatedtrader.net/real-time-news/72114/japan-update-some-functions-to-resume-at-fukushima-reactor-2 Japan Update: Some Functions to Resume at Fukushima Reactor 2. 21 March 2011 04:11 am. The officials, speaking at a press conference, struggled to explain why the pressure stabilized and whether it could rise again and force the venting of radioactive steam into the atmosphere. The press conference ended abruptly after officials failed to answer a series of questions about details of the situation at Reactor 3, saying repeatedly: "we do not have the necessary data."... Water was sprayed for 13 hours from an unmanned vehicle, from Saturday afternoon until early Sunday morning. Spraying efforts then switched to the No. 4 Reactor.

http://www.beinternacional.eu/en/news/1478-japao-a-catastrofe-escondida Japão, a catástrofe escondida. 21 March 2011 18:49. Crise Nuclear escondida. A tendência recorrente para negar erros sistemáticos – “por forma a evitar que o público entre em pânico”- está enraizada na determinação de uma burocracia entrincheirada para se proteger em vez de se alicerçar em qualquer propósito de servir a nação e a população. Está é a a regra não-escrita da maioria dos governos, e o ponto é que o Japão não é uma excepção.

March 22

http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/11081/1133838-82.stm Ken Belson, Hiroko Tabuchi and David Jolly. New Repairs Delay Work at Nuclear Plant in Japan. Tuesday, March 22, 2011. 12:01 am A team of workers trying to repair another reactor, No. 3, was evacuated in the afternoon after gray smoke rose from it, said Tetsuro Fukuyama, the deputy chief cabinet secretary of the Japanese government. But no explosion was heard and the emission ended by 6 p.m., NHK, the national broadcaster, said... After connecting the transmission line on Sunday, engineers found on Monday that they still did not have enough power to fully run the systems that control the temperature and pressure in the building that houses the reactor, officials from the Japanese nuclear safety agency said... Separately, residents of Iitate, a village about 30 miles from the Fukushima Daiichi plant, were ordered not to drink tap water after high levels of radioactive elements were detected in the water supply, said Takashi Hashiguchi, a Health Ministry official. Residents were told that they could still use tap water for other tasks, like washing their hands or taking a bath, he said... But Mr. Cordingley added that "it's a lot more serious than anybody thought in the early days when we thought that this kind of problem can be limited to 20 to 30 kilometers" from the power plant, according to Reuters.

http://en.rian.ru/world/20110322/163138036.html Radiation near Japanese nuclear plant 1,600 times normal level. 07:45 22/03/2011.

http://www.aporrea.org/internacionales/n179550.html Japón: Fukushima podría haber estado albergando un programa secreto de armamento nuclear Por: La Radio del Sur. 22/04/2011.

March 23

http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/view/224900 Pran Krishan Vasudeva. JAPAN'S NUCLEAR CATASTROPHE WORST SINCE WORLD WAR II. March 23, 2011. France's nuclear safety authority ASN said on March 16, 2011 that it should be classed as a level-six incident.

http://english.ruvr.ru/2011/03/23/47882767.html Fukushima situation getting better. Mar 23, 2011 21:13 Moscow Time. There has been some progress in overcoming the consequences of the catastrophe at the Fukushima-1 NPP in Japan but on the whole the situation at the station remains serious, the representative of the International Atomic Energy Agency Graham Andrew declared on Wednesday.// He said that Japanese authorities have informed the IAEA that the radiation level at the station is dropping.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1369216/Fukushima-Fifty-First-pictures-emerge-inside-Japans-stricken-nuclear-power-plant.html?ito=feeds-newsxml MATT BLAKE. First pictures emerge of the Fukushima Fifty as they battle radiation poisoning to save Japan's stricken nuclear power plant. 5:37 PM on 23rd March 2011.

http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/work-continues-to-restore-nuclear-plant-functions Work at nuclear plant disrupted again by black smoke. Wednesday 23rd March, 06:30 PM JST Plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co said it learned at around 4:20 p.m. that black smoke was seen rising at the No. 3 reactor building, leading to evacuation of workers from the four troubled reactors, but added about an hour later that it was receding.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1368716/Japan-nuclear-crisis-Britain-radiation-risk-Fukushima-heats-AGAIN.html Contaminated Tokyo tap water is 'unfit for babies' as Japan radiation 'heads to Britain' from Fukushima plant. DAILY MAIL REPORTER. Last updated at 12:35 PM on 23rd March 2011.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-0Rx-GoLIs The Fukushima Syndrome - Japan. Sep 23, 2011. "The safety myth about nuclear power has been sunk deeply into people's hearts. But that lie has been exposed", says anti-nuclear activist, Hitomi Kamanaka. The Fukushima disaster is believed to have released as much radiation as 200 Hiroshima bombs.

March 24

http://www.shimbun.denki.or.jp/en/news/20110324_01.html Michio Ishikawa, What is Happening in the Reactor Cores of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station? Mar. 24, 2011. Some people advertise that the accident at Fukushima is a second advent of the Chernobyl accident. But I cannot understand the point of such argument. As far as radiation hazards are concerned, there is no possibility at all for the accident at Fukushima to further worsen to the global contamination caused by the Chernobyl accident. The reason is that there is not any graphite fire that lifted radioactivity up to as high as the jet stream in the case of Chernobyl. Moreover, as the temperature of cooling water is low, only the radioactive materials with a low boiling point such as noble gases and iodine are released into the atmosphere. The accident at Fukushima is different at all from the Chernobyl accident.

http://fukushima.greenaction-japan.org/2011/03/24/japanese-diet-member-letter-demanding-further-evacuation-from-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant/ Japanese Diet member letter demanding further evacuation from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. 24 March 2011, 24 March 20.00 JST. As of 24 March 2011 (19.00 JST) Twenty-three Japanese Diet members have signed a statement demanding the following: Immediate evacuate pregnant mothers and pre-school age children from within the 30km radius of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Drastically increase the general public evacuation zone beyond the 20km radius.

http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/11_14/b4222015089726.htm Steve Featherstone. The Future of Fukushima Prefecture. In the best case, hundreds of thousands of evacuees will spend months away from home. March 24, 2011, 12:10AM EST. ..There were no evacuations during the Three Mile Island accident, which released about 50,000 curies of radioactive gas... Chernobyl, by comparison, was a nuclear volcano, churning millions of curies of radiation into the sky. Twenty-five years later, only official workers are allowed within 30 kilometers of the entombed reactor at Chernobyl, and radiation levels inside the zone exceed normal background radiation by factors of 100... Decisions about when to return to Fukushima and how to mitigate any leftover fallout depend on the results of ongoing work to stabilize the pressure inside the reactor cores of units 1 through 3 at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear plant, and to cool the fuel rods stored in the spent fuel pools. Until then the amount of radiation falling on the land and sea around the complex, and far beyond it, will continue to accumulate with every puff of steam and cloud of smoke issuing from the wrecked reactor buildings...//.. At best, evacuees from the exclusion zone won't be able to return to their homes for months, according to Arnold Gundersen... Fukushima is already the second-worst nuclear accident in history, but it doesn't yet begin to approach the total radiation released at Chernobyl.

http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=37869&Cat=9&dt=3/24/2011 Praful Bidwai. Lessons from Fukushima. Thursday, March 24, 2011.

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20285-fukushima-radioactive-fallout-nears-chernobyl-levels.html Debora MacKenzie. Fukushima radioactive fallout nears Chernobyl levels. 17:14 24 March 2011. Japan's damaged nuclear plant in Fukushima has been emitting radioactive iodine and caesium at levels approaching those seen in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident in 1986. Austrian researchers have used a worldwide network of radiation detectors – designed to spot clandestine nuclear bomb tests – to show that iodine-131 is being released at daily levels 73 per cent of those seen after the 1986 disaster. The daily amount of caesium-137 released from Fukushima Daiichi is around 60 per cent of the amount released from Chernobyl..//.. The difference between this accident and Chernobyl, they say, is that at Chernobyl a huge fire released large amounts of many radioactive materials, including fuel particles, in smoke. At Fukushima Daiichi, only the volatile elements, such as iodine and caesium, are bubbling off the damaged fuel. But these substances could nevertheless pose a significant health risk outside the plant.

March 25

http://www.themoneyparty.org/main/?p=1519 Michael Collins. “Fukushima radioactive fallout nears Chernobyl levels”. 2011 March 25. There are two major differences between Chernobyl and Fukushima. The Chernobyl disaster began with an explosion. Fukushima is a smoldering cauldron of toxins. Chernobyl had 180 tonnes of nuclear fuel on site. Fukushima has 1700 tonnes. This isn’t the beginning of the end as hoped, it’s looking like the end of the beginning.

http://www.lesoir.be/actualite/monde/2011-03-25/fukushima-la-cuve-du-reacteur-3-peut-etre-endommagee-830361.php Fukushima : la cuve du réacteur 3 peut-être endommagée. Rédaction en ligne. vendredi 25 mars 2011, 08:47 « Des substances radioactives se sont échappées loin du réacteur », a de son côté expliqué Hideyuki Nishiyama, porte-parole de l’Agence japonaise de sûreté nucléaire.

http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-03-25/reactor-core-may-be-breached-at-damaged-fukushima-power-plant.html Go Onomitsu and Takashi Hirokawa. Reactor Core May Be Breached at Damaged Fukushima Power Plant. Mar/25/2011 07:47 GMT. "It’s very possible that there has been some kind of leak at the No. 3 reactor," Hidehiko Nishiyama, a spokesman at the Japan Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said in Tokyo today. While radioactive water at the unit most likely escaped from the reactor core, it also could have originated from spent fuel pools stored atop the reactor, he said.//Repair work at the site of the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in 1986 has been plagued by explosions, fires and leaks of toxic material. Workers have dumped almost 4,000 tons of water on the No. 3 reactor, five times more than on any of the other five units, according to the government.//Two workers were hospitalized yesterday with radiation burns after stepping in the water, which was found to have radiation levels 10,000 times higher than water used in reactor cooling, Nishiyama said earlier today...// "It’s becoming difficult for people to live a normal life and we can’t rule out the possibility of broadening the mandatory evacuation if radiation levels rise," Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano told reporters in Tokyo today. "We will make maximum efforts to ensure a smooth, voluntary withdrawal by providing transportation and shelter."//.. Radioactive cesium above the government limit was found on komatsuna, a leafy vegetable known as Japanese mustard spinach, harvested in Tokyo’s Edogawa ward, authorities said yesterday. That indicates radioactive elements have spread 220 kilometers (135 miles) south of the Fukushima plant.// A sample collected on March 20 from an open field contained 890 becquerels per kilogram of radioactive cesium, Japan’s Health Ministry said on its web site. The safety limit is 500 becquerels. Consuming 1 kilogram of komatsuna would yield a radiation exposure of 0.01 millisieverts, or a third of exposure to cosmic rays on a flight from New York to Los Angeles... Reactors at Fukushima may have released as much as 20 percent of the radioactive iodine and up to 60 percent of the radioactive cesium that resulted from the Chernobyl meltdown in 1986, according to the report yesterday... The maximum radiation reading reported so far at the nuclear plant is 500 millisieverts per hour..//.. ..aircraft carrier USS George Washington this week left port at Yokosuka, 175 miles south from the plant, to avoid getting residual traces of radiation on the vessel..

http://www.660news.com/news/world/article/202724--setback-at-fukushima-nuclear-plant-as-japanese-officials-suspect-breach-at-reactor Jeff Donn,Shino Yuasa. Setback at Fukushima nuclear plant as Japanese officials suspect breach at reactor. Mar 25, 2011 12:31:45 PM....Japanese leaders defended their decision not to evacuate people from a wider area around the plant, insisting they are safe if they stay indoors. But officials also said residents may want to voluntarily move to areas with better facilities, since supplies in the tsunami-devastated region are running short.... The uncertain nuclear situation halted work at the Fukushima Dai-ichi complex, where authorities have been scrambling to stop the overheated facility from leaking dangerous radiation. Low levels of radiation have been seeping out since the March 11 quake and tsunami knocked out the plant's cooling system, but a breach could mean a much larger release of contaminants. The most likely consequence would be contamination of the groundwater. (More question: Where does the water, sprayed over the reactors, go? Does it go to the Sea, or it goes up the hill deep inside the Honshu iceland?) ... Government spokesman Yukio Edano insisted that people living 12 to 20 miles (20 to 30 kilometres) from the plant should still be safe from radiation as long as they stay indoors. But since supplies are not being delivered to the area fast enough, he said it may be better for residents to voluntarily evacuate to places with better facilities...

http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2011/03/25/Evacuation-zone-expanded-at-nuke-plant/UPI-78741301046850/ United Press International. Evacuation zone expanded at nuke plant. March. 25, 2011 at 3:16 PM.

http://www.agoravox.fr/actualites/environnement/article/la-filiere-nucleaire-japonaise-une-91198 Etienne Marlles. La filière nucléaire japonaise : une gestion caractérisée par son opacité. 25 mars 2011. Bien sûr, nul ne pouvait prévoir les évènements frappant actuellement le Japon. Un tel enchaînement de catastrophes -le séisme, puis le tsunami, et enfin l’accident à Fukushima- est proprement inédit dans l’Histoire. Cependant, il convient de ne pas se laisser submerger par l’émotion et de rappeler que la Tokyo Electric Power Company, qui gère les sites nucléaires japonais, était déjà connue pour son opacité et avait ignoré de nombreuses mises en garde de l’Agence Internationale de l’Energie Atomique.

March 26

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/03/26/us-assists-japan-nuclear-plant-fresh-water_n_840938.html ERIC TALMADGE AND MARI YAMAGUCHI. U.S. Naval Barges Bring Fresh Water To Assist With Cooling At Japan Nuclear Plant 03/26/11 02:31 AM. Plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. is now rushing to inject the reactors with fresh water instead amid concerns about the corrosive nature of the salt in seawater, Hidehiko Nishiyama of Japan's Nuclear and Industry Safety Agency said at a briefing Saturday... Defense Minister Yoshimi Kitazawa said late Friday that the U.S. government had made "an extremely urgent" request to switch to freshwater. He said the U.S. military was sending water to nearby Onahama Bay and would begin water injections early next week. (Yamaguchi reported from Tokyo. Associated Press writers Shino Yuasa, Jeff Donn, Mayumi Saito and Jean H. Lee in Tokyo, and Jay Alabaster in Onagawa, also contributed to this report.)

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110326p2a00m0na014000c.html Govt may have avoided direct evacuation order to prevent panic. March 26, 2011. The voluntary evacuation recommendation given to people living in the area 20 to 30 kilometers from the Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Plant was conveyed to affected municipalities the night before the government's announcement to avoid confusion, it has been learned.

Maрch 27

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/radiation-levels-reach-new-highs-as-conditions-worsen-for-workers/2011/03/27/AFsMLFiB_story.html Chico Harlan and Michael Chandler. Radiation levels at Japan nuclear plant reach new highs as conditions worsen for workers. , Sunday, March 27, 9:49 AM.... Japanese authorities say efforts to control Fukushima’s overheated reactors will take months and during that time radiation will continue to leak into the environment, extending a nuclear emergency that already ranks as the most serious in a quarter-century. Some 700 workers now shoulder the responsibility for limiting the crisis, amid potentially lethal radiation levels, and Saturday the chief of Japan’s nuclear agency called on Tepco to improve its worker safety... Masataka Hishida said neither he nor the workers around him were given a dosimeter, a device used to measure one’s exposure to radiation. He was surprised that workers were not given special shoes; rather, they were told to put plastic bags over their street shoes...

http://www.temasekreview.com/2011/03/27/fukushima-radioactive-fallout-nears-chernobyl-levels/ Online Press. Fukushima radioactive fallout nears Chernobyl levels. March 27th, 2011. Japan’s damaged nuclear plant in Fukushima has been emitting radioactive iodine and caesium at levels approaching those seen in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident in 1986...

http://www.dowell-netherlands.com/2011/03/huge-jump-in-radiation-inside-fukushima.html ASSOCIATED PRESS. Huge jump in radiation inside Fukushima nuclear plant. SUNDAY, MARCH 27, 2011. Leaked water in Unit 2 of the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant measured 10 million times higher than usual radioactivity levels when the reactor is operating normally, Tokyo Electric Power Co. spokesman Takashi Kurita told reporters in Tokyo.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12874198 27 March 2011 17:12 GMT Anti-nuclear protesters have held a large rally in Tokyo, calling for change in Japan's nuclear industry. Meanwhile, efforts are continuing to locate the exact source of a radioactive water leak at the stricken Fukushima nuclear plant. Mark Worthington reports from Tokyo

March 28

http://www.panorientnews.com/en/news.php?k=891 Monday March 28, 2011. Greenpeace Team Finds Higher Range of Radiation Level in Iitate.. the high radiation is reported at the North-West from Fukushima, and 20lm beyond the official evacuation zone


http://www.fpri.org/articles/2014/03/russian-invasion-ukraine Michael Cecire. The Russian Invasion of Ukraine. March 2014.


April 2

http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=126888 Russian Expert: Fukushima Disaster Greater Than Chernobyl World | April 2, 2011, Saturday ...A Russian nuclear expert has stated that the crisis situation in Fukushima is much worse than that in Chernobyl and might lead to a change in the scale for measuring nuclear emergencies. // "The crisis in Japan will cost a lot more than Chernobyl in terms of economic and human losses," according to nuclear engineer Nataliya Mironova, who is a leading figure in Russia in the field... (Is this an April-Fool joke or a menace? Has Mironova a facility that would allow her to increase the level of radioactive contamination at Honshu?)

April 3

http://vimeo.com/21881702 by Arnie Gundersen. Newly released TEPCO data provides evidence of periodic chain reaction at Fukushima Unit 1. April 3, 2011. A lot of neutrons have been measured... clorine-37...Clorine-38... Tellurium... due Neutrons are uncredible difficult to detect.. A portion of the core is periodic nuclear feasion... (Links to the tables he uses are not provided.)

April 5

http://www.stripes.com/news/pacific/release-of-irradiated-water-stopped-at-fukushima-plant-1.140125 Release of irradiated water stopped at Fukushima plant. Stars and Stripes, April 5, 2011

April 6

http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/tsunamiupdate01.html Fukushima Nuclear Accident Update Log Updates of 6 April 2011. At 6:07 UTC, 5 April coagulation agents (liquid glass) were injected into the holes drilled around the pits. The leakage was reported to have ceased at 20:38 UTC on April 5. Work continues to prevent further releases to the sea.

http://newamericamedia.org/2011/04/is-japans-elite-hiding-a-weapons-program-inside-nuclear-plants.php Yoichi Shimatsu. Is Japan's Elite Hiding a Weapons Program Inside Nuclear Plants? Apr 06, 2011 Confused and often conflicting reports out of Fukushima 1 nuclear plant cannot be solely the result of tsunami-caused breakdowns, bungling or miscommunication. Inexplicable delays and half-baked explanations from Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) seem to be driven by some unspoken factor.// The smoke and mirrors at Fukushima 1 seem to obscure a steady purpose, an iron will and a grim task unknown to outsiders. The most logical explanation: The nuclear industry and government agencies are scrambling to prevent the discovery of atomic-bomb research facilities hidden inside Japan's civilian nuclear power plants.// A secret nuclear weapons program is a ghost in the machine, detectable only when the system of information control momentarily lapses or breaks down. A close look must be taken at the gap between the official account and unexpected events.

April 7

http://in.reuters.com/article/2011/04/07/idINIndia-56176220110407 Japan's nuclear crisis. Thu Apr 7, 2011 8:41am IST. The head of a U.N. Scientific body says the situation at the plant is not expected to have any serious impact on people's health. Data shows much lower levels of iodine than in the 1986 nuclear accident at Chernobyl in Ukraine... The coast guard says the quake shifted the seabed near the epicentre in northern Japan by a record 24 metres (79 feet)... - A top official for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission says the Commission does not believe the core of reactor no. 2 melted down... - Authorities do not plan to expand the evacuation zone around the plant, a senior nuclear official said. The government created a 20-km (12-mile) evacuation zone around the site after the earthquake and tsunami... - TEPCO has said it will scrap at least four reactors once they are under control, but this could take years or even decades. The Fukushima Daiichi and nearby Fukushima Daini plants produce 4 percent of Japan's power and local politicians say reopening them will be politically difficult.

April 11

http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/japan-to-raise-rating-of-nuclear-crisis-to-highest-level/2011/04/11/AFxrFEND_story.html Chico Harlan. Japan rates nuclear crisis at highest severity level. Monday, April 11, 10:22 PM.TOKYO — Japanese authorities raised Tuesday their rating of the severity of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear crisis to the highest level on an international scale, equal to that of the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.// Radiation leaking from Fukushima Daiichi amounts to about 10 percent of that from the Chernobyl accident, a Nuclear Safety Commission official, who was not named, said on national television.// Nonetheless, the crisis has prompted the evacuation of tens of thousands who live within 19 miles of the plant. Japan’s government had initially called for a mandatory evacuation within a 12-mile radius. But Japan on Monday widened its evacuation zone, selecting certain towns within 19 miles — those with higher radiation readings — for mandatory evacuation.// According to the Kyodo news agency, Japan’s Nuclear Safety Commission reported Monday that the plant, at one point after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami, had been releasing 10,000 terabecquerels of radioactivity per hour.

April 12

http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110412p2g00m0dm040000c.html Radiation leakage may eventually exceed that of Chernobyl: TEPCO. (Mainichi Japan) April 12, 2011. .. The agency said, however, that the amount of radioactive materials released from the nuke plant is estimated to be about 10 percent of the amount released in the Chernobyl accident..

http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/04/12/japan-nuclear-radiation-idUSTKE00635920110412 Shinichi Saoshiro, Jonathan Thatcher. TEPCO wary of Fukushima radiation leak exceeding Chernobyl. "The radiation leak has not stopped completely and our concern is that it could eventually exceed Chernobyl," an official from operator Tokyo Electric and Power told reporters on Tuesday... The emission of radioactive substances from the Daiichi plant is about 10 percent of the amount that had been detected at Chernobyl, Japan's nuclear safety agency said earlier on Tuesday.

April 13

http://vimeo.com/22352930 Arnie Gundersen. Fukushima Accident Severity Level Raised to '7'. April 13, 2011. ... similarities among the Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Fukushima nuclear accidents and how Governments are once again limiting public access to accurate radiation dose information...

http://www.nuclearfreeplanet.org/newly-released-tepco-data-provides-evidence-of-periodic-chain-reaction-at-fukushima-unit-1.html Fairewinds Associates. Newly released TEPCO data provides evidence of periodic chain reaction at Fukushima Unit 1. 3 April, 2011.

April 14

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/15/world/asia/15japan.html?_r=1&sq=japan&st=cse&scp=2&pagewanted=print HIROKO TABUCHI. Japan Opposition Leader Urges Premier to Resign. April 14, 2011.

April 15

http://dianepernet.typepad.com/diane/2011/04/call-for-signatures-fukushima-putting-the-catastrophe-under-citizen-control.html CALL FOR SIGNATURES -FUKUSHIMA : PUTTING THE CATASTROPHE UNDER CITIZEN CONTROL. FRIDAY, 15 APRIL 2011. ..poor handling of the Fukushima catastrophe by TEPCO..

http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2011/04/85736.html Alexey V. Yablokov. OPINION: How to minimize consequences of the Fukushima catastrophe. MOSCOW, April 15, Kyodo. ..over the next 50 years it would be possible to have around 400,000 additional cancer patients within a 200-kilometer radius of the plant...

April 16

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T110415004549.htm Yomiuri Shimbun. Pressure grows on Kan to quit / Alleged remark on Fukushima draws fire from both sides. (Apr. 16, 2011) . Calls are growing louder in both the ruling and opposition camps for Prime Minister Naoto Kan to step down over his alleged remark that evacuees from around the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant "will not be able to return for 10 to 20 years." ... LDP legislator Bunmei Ibuki, a former finance minister, said at a meeting of his group the same day: "The existence itself of the Kan Cabinet is a massive disaster [for this country]." Ibuki also said some DPJ legislators have asked the LDP "to help topple the Kan administration."

April 17

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-04/17/c_13832956.htm TOKYO, April 17 (Xinhua) -- The crippled Fukushima No. 1 power plant will be stabilized to a condition known as "cold shutdown" in about six to nine months, Tokyo Electric Power Co.(TEPCO), operator of the Fukushima nuclear plant said Sunday. The company's chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata announced the utility's schedule "for the moment" for bringing the complex in Fukushima Prefecture under control at a news conference in Tokyo.// Restoring stable cooling to the reactors and spent fuel pools will take about three months, he said, meaning it needs three months to achieve "steady reduction" in radiation.// Then, the utility will need an additional three to six months to control radioactive emissions and curb radiation substantially.

http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2011/04/86072.html Gist of TEPCO plan to end Fukushima nuke crisis TOKYO, April 17, Kyodo .. STEP 1 (In roughly three months)// -- Filling containment vessels of Nos. 1, 3 reactors with water.// -- Sealing with sticky cement part in No. 2 reactor's containment vessel believed breached.// -- Injecting nitrogen into Nos. 2, 3 reactors to avoid possible hydrogen explosion.// -- Restoring circulatory cooling system for spent fuel pools.// -- Installing facility to decontaminate highly tainted water and purify seawater.// STEP 2 (In roughly six to nine months)// -- Bringing reactors into stable condition known as 'cold shutdown.'// -- Blanketing buildings housing Nos. 1, 3, 4 reactors with covering.// MIDTERM GOALS// -- Extracting fuel assemblies from pools holding spent fuel.// -- Covering reactor buildings with containers..

April 18

http://vimeo.com/22586794 Arni Gunderson. Pressure in the reactors, wary about reactor 1. (It has high pressure inside). The pressure at unit 2 is not due to water, this is some hot gas...

April 20

http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201104190209.html EDITORIAL: TEPCO must prepare for additional risks in taming Fukushima crisis. 2011/04/20. In the first stage of the plan, which will take about three months, measures will be taken to ensure stable and safe cooling of the damaged reactors and spent fuel pools.// In the second stage, steps will be made to bring the reactors to a stable state of cold shutdown in a process expected to require three to six months to complete.

April 21

http://www.counterpunch.org/hoffman04212011.html RUSSELL D. HOFFMAN. Why Naoto Kan Should Resign. April 21, 2011. ...the total risk for the community -- one death -- remains unchanged regardless of how the dose is distributed.

April 22

http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2011/04/87066.html Fukushima gov. won't allow TEPCO to resume reactor operations. FUKUSHIMA, Japan, April 22, Kyodo Fukushima Gov. Yuhei Sato said Friday he will never allow Tokyo Electric Power Co. to resume operations at its Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, crippled by the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.

April 24

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703567404576281000490406640.html YUKA HAYASHI. Tokyo Says Risk of Radiation Leak, Explosion Receding. APRIL 24, 2011.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_3NxTtNIlFw Fukushima City Radiation Readings 63 kilometers From Daiichi 24.04.11. (of order of 84 $\mu$Sv/h un vicinity of some water-drain tubes)

http://www.profesionalespcm.org/_php/MuestraArticulo2.php?id=15279 Yoichi Shimatsu, Vidal Rivero. Fukushima podría haber estado albergando un programa secreto de armamento nuclear, con la complicidad estadounidense. Domingo, 24 de abril de 2011. Los confusos e incluso contradictorios informes sobre la planta nuclear de Fukushima 1 no pueden ser únicamente consecuencia de los desastres causados por el tsunami, la torpeza o la falta de información.// Los inexplicables retrasos y las incomprensibles explicaciones de la Tokio Electric Power Company (TEPCO) y del Ministerio de Economía, Comercio e Industria (MECI) parecen ser fruto de algún factor que se ha intentado soslayar.

April 29

http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/27_19.html Radioactive topsoil removed from school grounds. updated at 6:18 UTC, Apr. 29. Workers are removing radiation-tainted topsoil from school grounds in the northeastern Japanese city of Koriyama. The city is about 50 kilometers from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant... Radiation levels at one of the schools are higher than the central government's new safe limit for children playing outdoors. That limit is 3.8 microsieverts per hour.

April 30

http://www.bloomberg.com/video/68165516/ Sara Eisen. Tepco Reactors May Take 30 Years to Scrap. 2011 March 30. (Bloomberg) -- Damaged reactors at the crippled Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear plant in Japan may take three decades to decommission and cost operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. more than 1 trillion yen... (Wikipedia says, one trillion is one million million; $10^{12}$)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-12904034 Tepco president in hospital as pressure mounts on firm. 30 March 2011 Last updated at 10:43 GMT. The company's chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata has taken over at the helm... "After pouring seawater on them... I believe we cannot use them anymore," said Mr Katsumata... Tepco eventually admitted to 200 occasions in which information had been falsified between 1977 and 2002. Further revelations of past concealment emerged five years later.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-04/30/c_13853177.htm Deng Shasha. 76% say Kan lacks leadership over nuclear crisis, quake: survey. 2011-04-30 17:34:39. A survey released Saturday showed a total of 76.0 percent of Japanese are not satisfied with Prime Minister Naoto Kan's leadership in handling the crisis at the Fukushima No.1 nuclear power plant and in responding to the March 11 earthquake and ensuing tsunami, Kyodo News said.

2011 May

May 8

http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201105070143.html HISAE SATO. U.S.-Japan joint survey reveals high radiation beyond evacuation zone. 2011/05/08. The map, released May 6, was compiled from data from a joint aircraft survey undertaken by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and the U.S. Department of Energy... "I am surprised by the extent of the contamination and the vast area it covers," said Tetsuji Imanaka, assistant professor of nuclear engineering at the Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute. "This (map) will be useful in planning evacuation zones as well as the decontamination of roads and public facilities."// The map was made with data showing the amount of accumulated radioactive substances across a grid comprising 1 to 2 km boxes. The measurements were taken between April 6 and April 29.// The U.S. Department of Energy used an airplane and a helicopter to survey the area within a 60-km radius of the plant, while the ministry hired a private helicopter to scan the area within 60 to 80 km.// Dosimeters were mounted on the aircraft, which flew at altitudes of about 150 to 700 meters to survey the ground surface. Well, but where is the map "released May 6"??? is it the same as Fukushima-ground-radiation.jpg? If so, why the quality of the printing is still poor?

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T110507002942.htm Yomiuri Shimbun. N-plant execs stall on Kan's shutdown call. May. 8, 2011. Chubu Electric Power Co. executives were unable to agree Saturday on whether the utility should suspend operations at its Hamaoka nuclear power plant, a day after Prime Minister Naoto Kan asked the utility to do so due to concern a strong earthquake could cause another nuclear crisis.

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T110507002569.htm Yosuke Yagi and Yutaka Hojo. Cattle farmers abandon hope. May. 8, 2011. ..an official of the Livestock Production and Feed Division of the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry said: "The situation exists because of the nuclear power plant. So in principle, shouldering the [evacuation] costs should be up to TEPCO."

http://www.mk.ru/social/news/2011/05/08/587388-v-yaponii-proshla-demonstratsiya-protiv-yadernoy-energetiki.html В Японии прошла демонстрация против ядерной энергетики. 8 мая 2011 в 19:32. Более тысячи человек в воскресенье в Токио провели демонстрацию против атомной энергетики на фоне продолжающегося кризиса вокруг аварийной АЭС "Фукусима-1".

May 12

http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110512n1.html Bloomberg. Masks, sleeves in at Fukushima schools as radiation looms Thursday, May 12, 2011. "Students are told not to go out to the schoolyard and we keep windows shut," said Yukihide Sato, vice principal of the school in the city of Date, about 60 km northwest of the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear station. "Things are getting worse, but I don't know what to do." ... Yuhei Sato asking for the evacuation of more than 1,600 kindergartens, elementary and junior high schools, affecting about 300,000 children and teachers. ... More than three-quarters of the schools receive radiation readings of 0.6 microsievert per hour, Nakate said. That's 10 times more than the readings in Shinjuku, central Tokyo, last week...

May 13

Many articles confirming the meltdown (occurred two months ago) and avalanche of the discussions in blogs.

May 17

http://scienceblogs.com/casaubonsbook/2011/05/they_lied_about_fukushima_ther.php?utm_source=networkbanner&utm_medium=link Sharon Astyk. They Lied About Fukushima. May 17, 2011 9:24 AM. So it turns out that there *was* a meltdown around reactor #1. Quite a lot of people suspected this from the visual evidence, but TEPCO and the Japanese government denied, denied, denied... It is, however, increasingly reasonable for people to work from the assumption that we're all being lied to - because we are...// Tanabe criticized TEPCO's recovery efforts and measures that were taken based on a situation that was much less serious than reality.// He said TEPCO's optimistic scenario led three workers to be exposed to highly radioactive water on March 24 and prevented measures to keep contaminated water from leaking into the sea through a trench at the No. 2 reactor building.// "In resolving serious accidents like those (at the Fukushima plant), it is a cardinal rule to work out recovery measures based on the worst possible situation," he said.</ref>

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/18/world/asia/18japan.html By HIROKO TABUCHI, KEITH BRADSHER and MATTHEW L. WALD. In Japan Reactor Failings, Danger Signs for the U.S.. May 17, 2011 .. The executives did not give the order to begin venting until Saturday — more than 17 hours after the tsunami struck and 6 hours after the government order to vent... At Reactor No. 2, workers tried to manually open the safety valves, but pressure did not fall inside the reactor, making it unclear whether venting was successful, the records show. At Reactor No. 3, workers tried seven times to manually open the valve, but it kept closing, the records say... The results of the failed venting were disastrous... Reactor No. 1 exploded first, on Saturday, the day after the earthquake. Reactor No. 3 came next, on Monday. And No. 2 exploded early Tuesday morning... Tokyo Electric in recent days has acknowledged that damage at the plant was worse than previously thought, with fuel rods most likely melting completely at Reactors 1, 2 and 3 in the early hours of the crisis, raising the danger of more catastrophic releases of radioactive materials. The company also said new evidence seemed to confirm that at Reactor No. 1, the pressure vessel, the last layer of protection, was broken and leaking radioactive water...

May 18

http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201105170428.html Meltdowns also likely occurred at No. 2, No. 3 reactors of Fukushima plant. 2011/05/18. Data shows meltdowns occurred at the No. 2 and No. 3 reactors of the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, creating huge problems for the plant operator that had presented a more optimistic scenario... "We have to assume that meltdowns have taken place," Hosono said at a news conference May 16... "When highly contaminated water was found at the No. 2 reactor building in late March, we recognized that a meltdown had taken place. So I informed the government," he said. "As for No. 1 and No. 3 reactors, we recognized that, given the processes that led to the accidents there, the same thing had occurred."// Immediately after the crisis erupted at the nuclear power plant in March, experts pointed out that meltdowns likely occurred at all three reactors...//Fumiya Tanabe... criticized TEPCO's recovery efforts and measures that were taken based on a situation that was much less serious than reality. He said TEPCO's optimistic scenario led three workers to be exposed to highly radioactive water on March 24 and prevented measures to keep contaminated water from leaking into the sea through a trench at the No. 2 reactor building. "In resolving serious accidents like those (at the Fukushima plant), it is a cardinal rule to work out recovery measures based on the worst possible situation," he said. But TEPCO's measures to contain the crisis have been based on the assumption of lighter damage to the reactor cores.

May 20

The map of contamination is published, the TEPCO president resigns.

http://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/tsunamiupdate01.html Fukushima Nuclear Accident Update Log. Staff Report, Updates of 12 - 18 May 2011; May 20, 2011; Last update: 23 May 2011.

http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/tepco-logs-y1-25-tril-loss-president-resigns TEPCO logs Y1.25 trillion loss; president resigns. Friday 20th May, 06:45 PM JST

$\log_{10}(\mathrm{trillion}) \approx 15 \pm 3$


http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110614x2.html Kyodo. City plans fall distribution to address parents' fears 34,000 children in Fukushima to get dosimeters. Tuesday, June 14, 2011 In April, the ministry set a limit of 3.8 microsieverts per hour for playground use at schools in the prefecture. Together with estimated exposure from outside of school grounds, total annual exposure could grow to 20 millisieverts.

http://hawaiinewsdaily.com/2011/06/apparent-explosion-and-fire-at-fukushima-4/ Tom Burnett. FISSION EVENT and Fire at Fukushima #4. June 15, 2011. This is TEPCO video of the #4 fuel pool at Fukushima Daiichi just after midnight last night, June 14, 2011. It is on fire by 00:46.//There is an explosion at the back of the structure which is captured in frame 1:05. There is a flash of Cherenkov radiation visible – at least to me – from the back of the structure between frames 1:05 – 1.07.// There is more fire and smoke at 1:31, 1:36, 1:46 and the fuel becomes energetic at 2:12. A transient criticality event appears to have been achieved at ~1.07 although not many other people seem to see it. Fission events occur at the point of the flashes.// The fuel pool HAS disintegrated into yet another disaster. Anyone even remotely near Fukushima Daiichi with a metallic taste in their mouth should seek medical attention.

http://www.examiner.com/human-rights-in-national/children-sickness-linked-to-fukushima-radiation Deborah Dupre. Children sickness linked to Fukushima radiation. June 19, 2011."The prefectural government of Iwate released new data that shows radioactive contamination of grass exceeds safety standards at a distance of 90 to 125 miles from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plants."

http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T110614004193.htm Fukushima farmer kills self over N-plant. (Jun. 15, 2011)


http://af.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idAFTRE76408R20110705 Antoni Slodkowski. Fukushima residents dump radiated soil in absence of plan. Tue Jul 5, 2011 1:33am GMT

https://laaska.wordpress.com/2011/07/07/japanfire-at-fukushima-plant/ July 7,2011. The recent fire at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, which hasn’t been working since the catastrophe in April, was cased by a defective electric wire and inflicted no damage, the plant’s operating company says. When the fire started, the plant’s operators immediately switched off the electricity. The system which cools the reservoir with spent rods, once used in nuclear reactors, was also switched off. The temperature in the reservoir, which used to be +25° Celsius before this, started to grow. The operators are afraid that it may reach +100° Celsius by Friday, but are hoping that they’ll manage to reset the cooling system by the end of Thursday.

http://www.thepaltrysapien.com/2011/07/fukushima-update-us-nrc-reports-and-the-nations-leaders-yawn/ Matthew Payne. FUKUSHIMA UPDATE, JULY 25 2011. The real problem is the negligence and incompetence of nuclear energy operators.

http://crisisjones.wordpress.com/2011/07/28/video-creating-a-contamination-map-in-japan/ CRISISJONES. Creating A Contamination Map In Japan. Creating A Contamination Map In Japan. JULY 28, 2011.


2011.08.03. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2011-08-03/japan-to-fire-top-energy-officials-after-fukushima-disaster.html Tsuyoshi Inajima and Yuji Okada. Japan to Fire Top Energy Officials After Fukushima Disaster. August 03, 2011, 10:57 PM EDT. Personnel including the vice minister of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, the director general of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy and the head of the country’s nuclear regulator will be removed from their posts, Kaieda said at a press briefing in Tokyo today... The removal of Vice-Minister Kazuo Matsunaga, the director general of the energy agency, Tetsuhiro Hosono and Nobuaki Terasaka, the director general of NISA, was earlier reported by the Asahi newspaper...

2011.08.12. http://www.counterpunch.org/mcneill08122011.html DAVID McNEILL, JAKE ADELSTEIN. TEPCO's Darkest Secret. August 12 - 14, 2011. The Fukushima Daiichi Reactors Were in Meltdown After the Earthquake, But Before the Tsunami Hit.

2011.08.16. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/aug/16/editorial-fukushima-nuclear-dirty-tricks Editorial. After Fukushima: nuclear dirty tricks. The Japanese cabinet decided this week to transfer the country's nuclear safety agency from the trade ministry, where it nestled in a department also dedicated to the expansion of nuclear power, to the environment ministry, where, at least in theory, there is some chance that its operations will not be subverted or manipulated by Japanese energy firms. After nearly half a century of producing nuclear power, Japan has finally separated regulation from promotion, but the move may well have come too late to restore public trust.// In a country where people have to use their own detectors to check on local radiation levels which the government failed to release, where information about threats to life and health after Fukushima dribbled out so haphazardly, and where a nuclear industry apparently unabashed by that disaster has been resorting to dirty tricks to influence public debate, mere bureaucratic rearrangement will hardly suffice.

2011.08.17. http://www.asianews.it/news-en/First-nuclear-reactor-retstarts-after-Fukushima-disaster-22378.html First nuclear reactor retstarts after Fukushima disaster. The governor of the island of Hokkaido approves restart of the Tomari plant’s reactor No. 3. It is the first of a reactor back in operation after the block of 39 plants of 54 after the tsunami and the earthquake. 08/17/2011 09:23.

2011.08.23. http://english.cntv.cn/program/newsupdate/20110823/108158.shtml JAPANESE CABINET LIKELY TO RESIGN. 08-23-2011 11:30.

2011.08.24. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/kans-resignation-to-bring-japan-its-sixth-pm-in-five-years-2342764.html David McNeill. Kan's resignation to bring Japan its sixth PM in five years. .. Mr Kan has been accused of fumbling his government's response to Japan's worst natural crisis since the Second World War, sparked by the 11 March earthquake and tsunami. The crisis has been exacerbated by the nearly six-month battle to bring the leaking nuclear power plant in Fukushima under control..

2011.08.29. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/why-the-fukushima-disaster-is-worse-than-chernobyl-2345542.html David McNeill. Why the Fukushima disaster is worse than Chernobyl.

2011.08.30. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/world/2011-08/30/c_131083311.htm Japanese PM Naoto Kan's Cabinet resigns. TOKYO, Aug. 30 (Xinhua) -- Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan's Cabinet resigned Tuesday morning after Yoshihiko Noda was picked as the new leader of the ruling Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ).

2011.08.30. http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_asiapacific/view/1149965/1/.html Japan's PM Naoto Kan and cabinet resign. TOKYO: Japan's Prime Minister Naoto Kan and his cabinet resigned on Tuesday, making way for Yoshihiko Noda, the outgoing finance minister, to be confirmed by parliament as the new premier later in the day.

2011.08.30. http://www.news24online.com/Japans-PM-Naoto-Kan-and-his-cabinet-resign_News24_32879.aspx Japan's PM Naoto Kan and his cabinet resign. Tokyo: Japan's Prime Minister Naoto Kan and his cabinet resigned on Tuesday, making way for Yoshihiko Noda, the outgoing finance minister, to be confrmed by parliament as the new premier later today. At the end of an extraordinary cabinet meeting, the outgoing trade and industry minister Banri Kaieda confirmed to reporters that the entire group of ministers had stepped down, saying "Yes, all of them".


2011.09.08. http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110908p2a00m0na008000c.html Nuclear experts: Radiation-contaminated areas in Fukushima disaster only one-tenth of Chernobyl's. ..The survey shows that approximately 800 square kilometers is contaminated with levels of radioactive cesium exceeding 600,000 becquerels per square meter, whereas in Chernobyl the total area exceeding 555,000 becquerels per square meter topped 10,000 square kilometers. Based on these results, the Society's nuclear experts estimated that radiation contamination area in the Fukushima disaster equals no more than one-tenth that in the Chernobyl disaster.

2011.09.09. http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20110909p2a00m0na011000c.html Cheap radiation detectors give inaccurate results, consumer watchdog reports. When used to measure atmospheric radiation the detectors displayed results as much as four times higher than devices known to meet international standards, .. The NCAC purchased the nine radiation detectors, all priced at less than 100,000 yen and all believed to have been made in China, on Internet shopping sites... When exposed to radioactive cesium 137, the detectors displayed results far lower than actual radiation levels, in some cases delivering figures more than 30 percent off the genuine emissions. "These cheap devices are not accurate, and cannot be used to check radiation in food or drink," an NCAC official stated. The nine models tested were: AK2011, BS2011+, DoseRAE2 PRM-1200, DP802i, FJ2000, JB4020, RAY2000A, SW83 and SW83a. Of these, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government has bought 70 DoseRAE2 PRM-1200 detectors.

2012.09.25. http://www.icor.info/2011/ilps-and-icor-call-for-a-worldwide-campaign-shut-down-all-nuclear-power-plants ILPS AND ICOR CALL FOR A WORLDWIDE CAMPAIGN: SHUT DOWN ALL NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS! by ICC ILPS and ICC ICOR, 25 September 2011. Fukushima and other major nuclear catastrophes such as Three Mile Island in the U.S. in 1979 and Chernobyl in the Ukraine in 1986 – as well as a huge number of other potentially disastrous incidents - have clearly proven that the production of nuclear power is incalculably risky and uncontrollable with the current level of technology. It is also highly vulnerable to external forces like flood waves, earthquakes, acts of sabotage and other natural or man-made catastrophes.

2012.09.30. http://thestar.com.my/news/story.asp?file=/2011/9/30/worldupdates/2011-09-30T182504Z_01_NOOTR_RTRMDNC_0_-596380-1&sec=Worldupdates Yoko Kubota. Japan lets kids return near Fukushima nuclear plant.


2011.10.20. http://www.asahi.com/english/TKY201110190347.html Kaname Ohira and Takuro Chiba. DPJ agrees on plan to buy up liabilities in disaster areas. The ruling Democratic Party of Japan plans to go along with an opposition proposal to establish a program to buy up liabilities of small businesses in disaster-stricken Miyagi, Iwate and Fukushima prefectures..

2011.10.22. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ2011102215477 Ministry forms call center to report radiation hot spots.

2011.10.22. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ2011102215461 TEPCO to sell off 400 billion yen in assets this year.

2011.10.24. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20111024a1.html Kashiwa hot spot linked to Fukushima. The Japan Times, Monday, Oct. 24, 2011. When the Kashiwa Municipal Government first got wind of an airborne radiation reading of 57.7 microsieverts per hour at the site, it said the radiation was unlikely to be related to the Fukushima disaster as it was in such a tiny area.// On Sunday, the ministry and city workers found a side ditch near the spot during a joint survey and said it is highly likely that rainwater tainted by fallout from the Fukushima plant flowed into nearby soil.// "The possibility is high that cesium carried in rain water condensed and accumulated in the soil," said Takao Nakaya, heads of the science and education ministry's radiation regulation office... Earlier surveyors who dug deeper into the hot spot soil recorded stronger radiation, leading some experts to speculate the tainted soil came from elsewhere and was deliberately buried.// But the ministry confirmed the same day that rainwater is leaching from the ditch and into the soil at the hot spot.// Up to 276,000 becquerels of cesium per kilogram of soil was detected 30 cm below the surface there Friday after abnormally high airborne radiation was detected earlier in the week, the city said.

2011.10.25. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ2011102515729 TEPCO claims 120 billion yen from government. The Asahi Shimbun, October 25, 2011. .. The government is expected to assess the claim and pay TEPCO within 30 days..

2011.10.25. http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/rethinking-healthcare/fallout-forensics-fukushimas-radiation-toll-much-higher-than-claimed/7197 Janet Fang. Fallout Forensics: Fukushima’s radiation toll much higher than claimed. October 25, 2011.

2011.10.20. http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/11/28319/2011/acpd-11-28319-2011.html Stohl, A., Seibert, P., Wotawa, G., Arnold, D., Burkhart, J. F., Eckhardt, S., Tapia, C., Vargas, A., and Yasunari, T. J.: Xenon-133 and caesium-137 releases into the atmosphere from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant: determination of the source term, atmospheric dispersion, and deposition, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 11, 28319-28394, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-28319-2011, 2011. .. Regarding 133Xe, we find a total release of 16.7 (uncertainty range 13.4–20.0) EBq, which is the largest radioactive noble gas release in history not asso- ciated with nuclear bomb testing. There is strong evidence that the first strong 133Xe release started very early, possibly immediately after the earthquake and the emer- gency shutdown on 11 March at 06:00 UTC. The entire noble gas inventory of reactor 20 units 1–3 was set free into the atmosphere between 11 and 15 March 2011. For 137Cs, the inversion results give a total emission of 35.8 (23.3–50.1) PBq, or about 42 % of the estimated Chernobyl emission. Our results indicate that 137Cs emissions peaked on 14–15 March but were generally high from 12 until 19 March, when they suddenly dropped by orders of magnitude exactly when spraying of water on the spent-fuel pool 25 of unit 4 started. This indicates that emissions were not only coming from the dam- aged reactor cores, but also from the spent-fuel pool of unit 4 and confirms that the spraying was an effective countermeasure...

2011 November

2011.11.02. http://www.itar-tass.com/c1/261863.html ТОКИО, 2 ноября. /Корр. ИТАР-ТАСС Василий Головнин/. В одном из пострадавших реакторов аварийной АЭС "Фукусима-1", скорее всего, произошла неконтролируемая ядерная реакция..

2011 December

2011.12.05. http://www.cvent.com/events/nuclear-safety-post-fukushima/event-summary-43c085eba97d4b52a7af1f926c34de84.aspx Joe Neto,William C. Ostendorff. Nuclear Safety Post-Fukushima, conference, 2011 December 5-7, Washington, DC.

2011.12.12. http://www.naturalnews.com/034387_Fukushima_nuclear_reactor_collapse.html Ethan A. Huff. Red alert: Fukushima nuclear reactor 4 possibly collapsing, say sources, mass evacuations may be necessary.

2011.12.19. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/medical-journal-article--14000-us-deaths-tied-to-fukushima-reactor-disaster-fallout-135859288.html Joseph Mangano and Janette Sherman. Medical Journal Article: 14,000 U.S. Deaths Tied to Fukushima Reactor Disaster Fallout. Dec. 19, 2011.

2011.12.27. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-12-27/fukushima-probe-highlights-regulator-in-response-failure-1-.html Tsuyoshi Inajima and Stuart Biggs. Fukushima Probe Highlights Regulator in Response Failure Dec 27, 2011 5:36 PM GMT+0900. The government also erred in keeping data on the spread of radiation from the public. “Information on urgent matters was delayed, press releases were withheld, and explanations were kept ambiguous,”


2012.02.17. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/n/a/2012/02/17/international/i030408S57.DTL MARI YAMAGUCHI and MALCOLM FOSTER. Ex-PM: Japan was unprepared for nuke crisis. Friday, February 17, 2012. ... "It was a big mistake and I must admit that (the accident) was due to human error." .

2012.02.24. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-02-24/wider-u-s-evacuation-at-fukushima-supported-in-nrc-transcripts.html Brian Wingfield and Jim Efstathiou Jr. Wider U.S. Evacuation at Fukushima Supported in NRC Transcripts. February 24, 2012, 3:48 AM EST. Feb. 21 (Bloomberg) -- The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission released transcripts that officials said supported Chairman Gregory Jaczko’s recommendation last year to evacuate Americans from within 50 miles of Japan’s crippled reactor.

2012.02.24. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-02-24/fukushima-disaster-left-u-s-nrc-confused-documents-show.html Brian Wingfield. Fukushima Disaster Left U.S. NRC Confused, Documents Show February 24, 2012, 1:51 PM EST. .. “I’ve said publicly the pool is dry,” Jaczko told Chuck Casto, the NRC’s lead official in Japan, on a conference call hours after Jaczko’s March 16 testimony to the House Energy and Commerce Committee. “Do you think that’s inaccurate?” // “It’s probably inaccurate to say it’s dry,” Casto said.

2012.02.28. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/Campaign-reports/Nuclear-reports/Lessons-from-Fukushima/ Lessons from Fukushima. February 28, 2012. .. In some cases, people were evacuated to areas with more, not less, radiation. .. .. TEPCO has so far managed to escape full liability and fails to properly compensate people and businesses that have been dramatically impacted by the nuclear accident. The larger compensation scheme excludes dozens of thousands of people who decided to evacuate voluntarily to reduce their risks of radiation exposure. Some have been offered only $1,043 US dollars as a one-off payment. .. .. So far, the company has paid out compensation to citizens in the amount of roughly $3.81bn. The estimates of the real cost of damages are however in the order of $75 to $260bn. Overall costs of the Fukushima accident including compensation and decommissioning the Daiichi plant’s six reactors have been projected to reach $500 to $650bn. ..

2012.03.06 http://carnegieendowment.org/2012/03/06/why-fukushima-was-preventable/a0i7 James M. Acton, Mark Hibbs. Why Fukushima Was Preventable. MARCH 6, 2012.

2012.03.11. http://www.rferl.org/content/japan_challenge_decontaminate_irradiated_farmland/24511238.html Steve Herman. Japan Faces Huge Challenge To Decontaminate Irradiated Farmland. Japanese officials say 81,000 hectares of farmland are contaminated at a level above 5,000 becquerels per kilogram. That is the limit at which Japan has decreed rice cannot be planted. Also affected are vegetable, fruit, and dairy farms.. Japan's Environment Ministry is to begin a full-scale decontamination program next month. But that will also generate a new dilemma: where to place the removed radioactive soil?

2012.03.11. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/japan/9136835/Japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-anniversary-45000-rally-against-nuclear-power.html By Julian Ryall, in Tokyo. 2:36PM GMT 11 Mar 2012. Japan earthquake and tsunami anniversary: 45,000 rally against nuclear power An estimated 45,000 people took part in demonstrations in Tokyo against nuclear power on Sunday, amid growing public concern that the government is bringing pressure to bear on local authorities to restart reactors shut down for safety checks.

2012.03.11. http://bikyamasr.com/61502/major-anti-nuclear-protest-held-in-tokyo-on-fukushima-anniversary/
http://masress.com/en/bikyamasr/61502 Takehiko Kambayashi | 11 March 2012. ..An estimated 10,000 people marched through central Tokyo on Sunday, calling for an end to Japanese nuclear power generation..

2012.03.15. http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120315p2g00m0dm010000c.html Fukushima citizens to accuse TEPCO, gov't of negligence over crisis. FUKUSHIMA (Kyodo) -- Two civic groups in Fukushima Prefecture are planning to file a criminal complaint against senior officials of Tokyo Electric Power Co. and government bodies for professional negligence over the Fukushima nuclear crisis, group members said Wednesday. The antinuclear groups will hold a rally Friday in the city of Iwaki with an eye to mobilizing about 1,000 Fukushima residents to lodge the complaint in mid-May with the Fukushima District Public Prosecutors Office against officials of the governmental Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan and the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency as well as TEPCO, they said. Yukuo Yasuda, a lawyer supporting the groups, said the citizens are set to accuse TEPCO of failure to take necessary measures to cope with massive tsunami even though the possibility of such a disaster was pointed out before the March 11 calamity last year. The citizens will also accuse the government's nuclear safety bodies of not instructing TEPCO to implement steps to avoid a major accident, Yasuda said.

2012.03.19. http://mdn.mainichi.jp/perspectives/pulse/news/20120319p2a00m0na020000c.html Takao Yamada. Onagawa nuke plant saved from tsunami by one man's strength, determination. .. personal strength and tenacity of one Yanosuke Hirai, who passed away in 1986... Hirai was apparently the only person on the entire project to push for the 14.8-meter breakwater, while many of his colleagues said that 12 meters would be sufficient and derided Hirai's proposal as excessive. Hirai's authority and drive, however, eventually prevailed, and Tohoku Electric spent the extra money to build the 14.8-meter-tall shield. Some 40 years later, on March 11, 2011, a 13-meter-high tsunami slammed into the coast at Onagawa.

2012.03.20. http://www.radiosvoboda.org/content/article/24513294.html Coilin O’Connor. «Чорнобиль назавжди»: в Україні «всі спали» – режисер. Коли я закінчив «Чорнобиль назавжди», через два тижні стався вибух на «Фукусімі». Це мене глибоко вразило, бо, знімаючи мій фільм у Чорнобилі, я з’ясував, що виправити становище з четвертим реактором неможливо і через 25 років. А на «Фукусімі-1» чотири реактори в зоні землетрусів, і вони повні палива. Це значить, що тривалого вирішення проблеми «Фукусіми» немає. Тому, коли люди продовжують захищати атомну енергетику, я кажу: «Ви сліпі, чи що?» Це ж небезпечно. Це надто дорого коштує… Це ж так очевидно. Ризик такий великий. Атомна енергетика – це стара технологія, дуже стара технологія», – стверджує режисер Ален де Альо.

2012.03.25. http://www.businessweek.com/news/2012-03-25/tepco-confronts-post-fukushima-future-dictated-by-bureaucrats Tsuyoshi Inajima. Japan's Tepco Faces Post-Fukushima Future. Tokyo Electric Power Co. (9501), facing a $20-billion-and-counting compensation bill for the Fukushima disaster, has a week to produce a business plan that includes a request for government aid and will lead to nationalization of what was once the world’s biggest private power producer. Since the reactor meltdowns at Tokyo Electric’s Fukushima plant last year, Chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata has watched $37.5 billion in market value evaporate. He sits atop a business that once proudly powered Japan’s postwar recovery, only to see it now surviving on government handouts and its last operating reactor goes offline today.// Nationalizing the utility, known as Tepco, may portend a breakup of Japan’s 10 regional power monopolies that ring up combined sales of 15.7 trillion yen ($190 billion) a year to produce, transmit and distribute electricity, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. Breaking off Tepco’s transmission business from power generation would end its monopoly in Tokyo and may provide a model for the rest of the country, said Penn Bowers, who tracks utilities at CLSA Asia-Pacific Markets.

2012.03.25. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/index-e.html A Message from TEPCO President Toshio Nishizawa regarding the shut down of all reactors. ... we ask that you continue to make a reasonable effort to save electricity.

2012.03.26. http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20120326p2g00m0dm005000c.html Fukushima's Iitate residents to seek greater compensation from TEPCO. The lawyers' group said it will seek 350,000 yen per person per month, as well as greater compensation for living costs and other sorts of damage such as to real estate, on behalf of residents.

2012.03.26. http://enformable.com/2012/03/after-fukushima-elected-officials-and-experts-call-for-expansion-of-evacuation-zones/ Lucas W Hixson. After Fukushima elected officials and experts on both sides of the Pacific join the call for the expansion of nuclear emergency evacuation zones.

2012.03.29. http://blog.livedoor.jp/ksato123/archives/53569856.html Send 100 persons to jail! -The preconditions of restarting Japanese nuclear power plants and The nationalization of them- .. 2012年03月29日01:00.

2012.03. http://carnegieendowment.org/files/fukushima.pdf James m. acton and mark hibbs. Why Fukushima Was preventable.

2012.04.02. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20120402a2.html Entry ban lifted in parts of hot zone. .. Under the government's revision, zones where radiation exposure exceeds 50 millisieverts per year and that are expected to stay at or above 20 millisieverts over the next five years, will be designated as difficult to return to. The current yardstick for evacuation is 20 millisieverts a year.. We need to make a decision toward zero reactors," said JCP leader Kazuo Shii.. The ruling Democratic Party of Japan's policy chief, Seiji Maehara, suggested last week the government is likely to decide to restart the idled reactors by the time all 54 commercial reactors have suspended their operations in early May.

2012.04.05. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/05/us-japan-nuclear-idUSBRE83401U20120405 Linda Sieg and Risa Maeda. Japan government fears non-nuclear summer will hamper restarts. TOKYO | Thu Apr 5, 2012 7:29am EDT. Japan's government is rushing to try to restart two nuclear reactors, idled after the Fukushima crisis, by next month out of what experts say is a fear that surviving a total shutdown would make it hard to convince the public that atomic energy is vital. ..

2012.04.05. http://kucb.org/news/article/ocean-shows-resilience-in-wake-of-fukushima-disaster/ Alexandra Gutierrez. Ocean Shows Resilience in Wake of Fukushima Disaster. "We’re not seeing the strange Godzillas or three-headed fish. The effects are going to be very subtle," says Ken Buesseler, a marine chemist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the lead author of the study.// He adds that the Fukushima meltdown didn’t affect the health of most commercial fisheries, including stocks in Alaska waters, because the radioactive materials get so diluted.

2012.04.06. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/06/us-japan-nuclear-idUSBRE83508V20120406 Risa Maeda. Cut nuclear reliance to zero: Japan energy minister. TOKYO | Fri Apr 6, 2012 7:37am EDT. "I'd like to see the reliance on nuclear cut to zero. I'd like to have a society work without nuclear as early as possible," Edano told a news conference in energy policy.// "I myself think it should be reduced as soon as possible. But as to in reality how quickly it can be reduced or whether it will ultimately be reduced to zero - I want to judge based on discussion by experts."

2012.04.13. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2128726/Invisible-Man-Sarko-lies-visiting-Fukushima-Power-Plant-just-2-years-fibbed-witnessing-Berlin-Wall-come-down.html 'Invisible Man' Sarko lies about visiting the Fukushima power plant (just 2 years after he fibbed about witnessing the Berlin Wall come down). 06:35 GMT, 13 April 2012.

2012.04.13. http://www.lemonde.fr/election-presidentielle-2012/article/2012/04/11/fukushima-hollande-ironise-sur-le-voyage-imaginaire-de-sarkozy_1683592_1471069.html Alexandre Lemarié. Fukushima : Hollande ironise sur le "voyage imaginaire" de Sarkozy. 13.04.2012 à 11h35.

2012.04.17. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/04/17/japan-nuclear-idUSL3E8FH16V20120417 Yoko Kubota. Japan to be without nuclear power after May 5. Tue Apr 17, 2012 4:28am EDT. Japan will within weeks have no nuclear power for the first time in more than 40 years, after the trade minister said two reactors idled after the Fukushima disaster would not be back online before the last one currently operating is shut down.

2012.04.18. http://www.dw.de/dw/article/0,,15890837,00.html Ulrike Mast-Kirschning, Editor: Shamil Shams. Japanese government criticized for downplaying nuclear disaster. Considering the current levels of radiation, the decision of the Japanese government to reopen parts of evacuated areas is something completely irresponsible, says physicist and head of the Society for Radiation Protection Sebastian Pflugbeil. .. Tamahashi Uesugi criticizes the strong linkages between politics, the nuclear industry and the media.

2012.04.25. http://www.pnas.org/content/109/24/9483.full?sid=fb331984-3a4e-43c9-9e70-e374aed1612c Daniel J. Madigan, Zofia Baumann, and Nicholas S. Fisher. Pacific bluefin tuna transport Fukushima-derived radionuclides from Japan to California. (approved April 25, 2012) .. We measured γ-emitting radionuclides in California-caught tunas and found $^{134}$Cs (4.0 ± 1.4 Bq kg$^{−1}$) and elevated $^{137}$Cs (6.3 ± 1.5 Bq kg$^{−1}$) in 15 Pacific bluefin tuna sampled in August 2011. We found no $^{134}$Cs and background concentrations (∼1 Bq kg$^{−1}$) of $^{137}$Cs in pre-Fukushima bluefin and post-Fukushima yellowfin tunas, ruling out elevated radiocesium uptake before 2011 or in California waters post-Fukushima. ..
2012.05.29. http://mir24.tv/news/Science/4988062 Радиоактивный тунец с Фукусимы распространяется по миру. Токио, 29 мая. Тунец, пойманный у берегов США, продемонстрировал повышенное содержание радиоактивных веществ в своих мягких тканях. Ученые не сомневаются – рыба приплыла из Японии, где некоторое время провела в водах, зараженных во время аварии на станции Фукусима.// Исследование началось в августе 2011 года, когда на восточном побережье Тихого океана были выловлены 15 рыб, относившихся к виду Голубой тунец. Ежегодно в мире добывается несколько тысяч тонн этой рыбы, после чего употребляется в пищу жителями практически всех стран.// Группа ученых из Университета Стони Брук (Stony Brook University), под руководством Николаса Фишера (Nicholas Fisher) провела анализ мышечных тканей рыбы, и была ошеломлена тем, что в них содержался радиоактивный цезий-137. Этот опасный элемент обычно попадает в окружающую среду во время испытаний ядерного оружия или при катастрофах на АЭС.// Содержание радиации было в десять раз больше, чем фиксировалось в рыбах до аварии на Фукусиме. Это говорит о том, что тунец был заражен именно во время катастрофы на японской атомной станции, произошедшей в марте 2011 года. Также это подтверждается тем фактом, что период полураспада цезия-137 не превышает двух лет, а за это время была зафиксирована всего одна авария, которая могла повлечь за собой подобное заражение окружающей среды. WARNING: The estimate (" период полураспада цезия-137 не превышает двух лет") of the lifetime of Cs-137 seems is suggested to be 2 years (instead of 30 years by http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesium-137 ) in the Russian interpretation.

2012.05.12. http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20120525p2g00m0dm050000c.html TEPCO puts radiation release early in Fukushima crisis at 900,000 TBq. TOKYO (Kyodo) -- An estimated 900,000 terabecquerels of radioactive substances were released into the atmosphere in March last year alone due to the disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Thursday.// The figure is around 1.8 times higher than the latest estimate issued by the government's nuclear safety agency but far lower than the 5.2 million TBq believed to have been discharged in the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster... The Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency has estimated that the radioactive release was 480,000 TBq, and another oversight body, the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan, estimated that it was 570,000 TBq.

2012.05.12. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nn20120525b6.html Fukushima meltdowns' March 2011 fallout higher than estimated, near 900,000 terabecquerels: Tepco. Kyodo. Friday, May 25, 2012. An estimated 900,000 terabecquerels of radioactive substances were released into the atmosphere in March 2011 by the triple meltdowns at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant, Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Thursday.// The figure is higher than projections previously released by the government's nuclear bodies, but less than a fifth of the 5.2 million terabecquerels thought to have been emitted by the 1986 Chernobyl disaster.

2012.07.01. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-07-01/fukushima-operators-repair-cooling-to-spent-fuel/4103506 Mark Willacy. The operator of the Fukushima nuclear plant has managed to restore the cooling system in a pool which holds hundreds of tonnes of spent nuclear fuel at the facility.// The system had failed earlier, causing the pool's temperature to rise.

2012.07.03. http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/world/decision-to-restart-nuclear-reactor-sparks-street-protests-in-japan-20120702-21d6l.html Martin Fackler. Decision to restart nuclear reactor sparks street protests in Japan. Electricity will start being generated tomorrow from a nuclear reactor at the Ohi plant north-east of Osaka, ending a two-month period when all the country's 50 reactors were offline for safety checks following the Fukushima disaster. .. In Tokyo, about 1000 protesters marched on Sunday in central Tokyo, just two days after tens of thousands of chanting anti-nuclear demonstrators filled streets in front of the prime minister's residence. Despite the protests, Kansai Electric said it had pulled out the control rods in the reactor core on Sunday night, allowing nuclear fission to resume. The operator said it hoped to have had a sustained nuclear reaction by yesterday morning, and the first transmission of electricity tomorrow.

2012.07.05 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18718486 Fukushima report: Key points in nuclear disaster report. 5 July 2012, 10:22 GMT .. There was great confusion over the evacuation, caused by prolonged shelter-in-place orders and voluntary evacuation orders. Some residents were evacuated to high dosage areas because radiation monitoring information was not provided. ..

2012.07.22. http://www.rt.com/news/fukushima-radiation-fake-readings-763/ Fukushima contractor forced workers to fake radiation readings.

2012.09.18. http://japandailypress.com/thailand-becomes-first-to-import-peaches-from-fukushima-1412131 Adam Westlake. Thailand becomes first to import peaches from Fukushima.

2012.09.19. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/19/us-energy-japan-nuclear-idUSBRE88I05X20120919 Risa Maeda and Tetsushi Kajimoto; Editing by Ed Davies. (Reuters) - Japan's cabinet has approved a new energy plan to cut the country's reliance on nuclear power in the wake of last year's Fukushima disaster, but dropped a reference to meet a nuclear- free target by the 2030s, ministers said on Wednesday. Wed Sep 19, 2012 12:01am EDT.

2012.09.21. http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/asia/313428/japan-will-go-nuclear-free-pm-insists Japan will go nuclear free, PM insists. 21/09/2012 at 05:48 PM. Yoshihiko Noda's administration last week declared it was aiming to eliminate atomic power from the country's energy mix by 2040. .. Japan will seek a no-nuclear society in the 2030s and will realise it.

2012.10.01. http://www.cwsasiapacific.org/media-videos-japan/fukushima-now-in-the-aftermath-of-nuclear-disaster/ Fukushima Now: in the Aftermath of Nuclear Disaster. (video)

2012.10.03. http://sydney.edu.au/news/arts/2228.html?newsstoryid=10172 Jacqueline Chowns and Jocelyn Prasad. New book examines Fukushima disaster and its aftermath. 3 October 2012 In 'Fallout from Fukushima', Adjunct Professor Richard Broinowski puts this nuclear tragedy in context, tracing a path back through Tokyo, Three Mile Island, and Chernobyl A new book by University of Sydney's Richard Broinowski tells the story of Japan's worst nuclear disaster and attempts by authorities to suppress, downplay and obscure its consequences.

2012.10.09. http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2012/10/japans-nuclear-disaster Oct 8th 2012, 4:28 by H.T. | IWAKI. .. the frontline, who put their heads down and do all the hard work are treated as faceless, nameless and ultimately forgotten.

2012.10.11 http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/japan-nuke-chief-hints-restarts-year-17451940 MARI YAMAGUCHI. Japan Nuke Chief Hints No Restarts Until Next Year.

2012.10.25. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19980614 Jonathan Amos. Fukushima fish still contaminated from nuclear accident. Last April, the Japanese authorities tried to instil greater market confidence by lowering the maximum permitted concentration of radioactivity in fish and fish products from 500 becquerels per kilogram of wet weight to 100 Bq/kg wet. This tightening of the threshold immediately re-classified fish previously deemed fit as unfit, even though their actual contamination count had not changed. It is also worth comparing the Japanese limit with international standards. In the US, for example, the threshold is set at 1,200 Bq/kg wet - significantly more lenient than even the pre-April Japanese requirement.

2012.11.02. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201211020069 Masakazu Honda | AjwAsahi. Second mass complaint coming over Fukushima disaster. November 2, 2012. More than 10,000 people from across Japan are seeking criminal charges against officials of Japan’s government and the utility that operates the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, after a similar mass complaint this summer accused 33 officials of causing death and injury through negligence.

2012.11.03. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201211030052 TEPCO admits 4th worker exposed to radiation in early days of disaster.

2012.11.07. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201211060058 No radioactivity found in Fukushima mothers' breast milk. ..The prefecture tested breast milk from 378 mothers among the 703 who received counseling by the end of October. It said all samples indicated levels lower than the detection limit of radioactive cesium, 2 becquerels per kilogram.

2012.11.07. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201211070086 TEPCO seeks more government support as Fukushima costs soar. November 07, 2012. TEPCO officials suggested the costs of compensation and decontamination could double to 10 trillion yen ($\$$124.55 billion), making greater government support vital.

2012.11.08. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/text/nb20121108n1.html Nuke disaster mop-up may hit ¥10 trillion AFP-Jiji, Kyodo, Bloomberg. The cost of cleaning up fallout from the triple meltdowns at the Fukushima No. 1 power station and compensating those whose lives have been affected may double to some ¥10 trillion, Tokyo Electric Power Co. announced Wednesday.

2012.11.19. http://truth-out.org/news/item/12832-costs-and-consequences-of-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster Steven Starr. Costs and Consequences of the Fukushima Daiichi Disaster. Ministry reported that long-lived radioactive cesium had contaminated 11,580 square miles (30,000 sq km) of the land surface of Japan.

2012.11.20. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/international/radio/program/connect-asia/japan-government-tepco-deny-fukushima-radiation-tainting-fish/1049052 It was the largest radioactive contamination of the sea in history but Japan's government is disputing a study by a respected international research group suggesting that radiation from the crippled Fukushima nuclear plant is still entering the food chain.

2012.12.18. http://northerntruthseeker.blogspot.jp/2012/12/the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster_19.html NAOYA KON. Fukushima plant situation 'volatile,' a year after cold shutdown declare. December 18, 2012.


2013.01.26. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2013/01/26/commentary/read-all-about-it-how-kan-do-attitude-averted-the-meltdown-of-japan/ BY ROGER PULVERS. How Kan-do attitude averted the meltdown of Japan. Published in paperback by Gentosha in October last year, “Tōden Fukushima Genpatsu Jiko Sōri Toshite Kangaeta Koto” (“My Thoughts as Prime Minister on the Tepco Fukushima Nuclear Plant Accident”).. ex-Prime Minister Kan believes Tepco to be at the root of the accident and the concomitant damage it continues to cause as well. // As the true nature of the disaster unfolded in the weeks and months following the earthquake and tsunami, Kan came to see that no one would be safe in Japan until all of the country’s nuclear plants were shut down and decommissioned.// .. Tepco found itself unable to control events as they took one turn after another for the worse; and had the prime minister not intervened to consolidate decision-making and expedite emergency measures, a pall of radiation may very well have descended over the entire Kanto region, where the capital is located.// Kan takes up the narrative: “It was at 3 a.m. when Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry Banri Kaeda came to the Residence with the news that Masataka Shimizu, president of Tepco, had put in a request to withdraw from the nuclear plant site.// “If I (had let this happen), 50 million people would have to be evacuated within a few weeks. … The very announcement to evacuate would result in mass panic.”

2013.01.28. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201301280006 Hiroyoshi Itabashi and Hidefumi Nogami. PROMETHEUS TRAP (1): U.S. frustrated with Japan's initial response to Fukushima. January 28, 2013. March 14, 2011.. .. March 15, Mullen's fear--an explosion at the No. 4 reactor--materialized. The pressure gauge at the No. 2 reactor also showed abnormal readings. ..// At 7 a.m., a situation arose which the U.S. military is still keeping quiet about.// At Yokosuka Naval Base, which lies about 300 kilometers from the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, alarms went off indicating an increase in radiation levels. All women and children on the base were immediately ordered to evacuate.

2013.01.31. http://enenews.com/asahi-gangsters-cashing-fukushima-disaster-involved-disposal-waste KENJI OGATA. Gangster illegally hired workers for decontamination projects. Date: January 31, 2013.

2013.01.31. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-01-31/gangster-accused-of-cashing-in-on-fukushima-disaster/4494226 Mark Willac. Gangster accused of cashing in on Fukushima disaster. Thu Jan 31, 2013 5:46pm AEDT.

2013.02.03. http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2013/02/207425.html Ex-head of nuclear regulator quizzed over Fukushima disaster. 19:11 3 February 2013. Japanese prosecutors have questioned the former head of the country's now-defunct nuclear regulatory body, Haruki Madarame, on suspicion of professional negligence over the Fukushima nuclear disaster, investigative sources said Sunday.// The questioning was carried out on a voluntary basis after the prosecutors accepted a criminal complaint in August from several groups against Madarame and about 40 officials, the sources said. Among those named in the complaint are Naoto Kan, prime minister at the time of the nuclear disaster, and Tsunehisa Katsumata, former chairman of Tokyo Electric Power Co. which operated the Fukushima Daiichi plant.

2013.02.03. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/nuclear-safety-chief-questioned-over-fukushima-disaster-report/article8152177/ Nuclear safety chief questioned over Fukushima disaster: report. Feb. 03 2013, 9:21 AM EST. .. Prosecutors have interviewed Haruki Madarame, former chief of the Nuclear Safety Commission who was responsible for giving the government technical advice about the crisis, national broadcaster NHK quoted sources as saying. .. The complaint alleges that Mr. Madarame was responsible for a delay in announcing data predicting how radiation would spread from the crippled Fukushima nuclear power plant, it said. // It also reportedly faults him for failing to take necessary measures to shield the plant against the tsunami in the first place. .. NHK said prosecutors have separately questioned executives of plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc. including former chairman Tsunehisa Katsumata, but it was uncertain if individuals could be charged over the disaster. ..

2012.02.03. http://enenews.com/new-fukushima-documentary-weve-been-deceived-weve-been-betrayed-video New Fukushima Documentary: “We’ve been deceived… We’ve been betrayed” (VIDEO). February 3rd, 2013 at 10:48 am ET By ENENews

2013.05.13. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/2013/1224702_5130.html Press Release (Feb 13,2013). Additional Compensation for the Voluntary Evacuees in the Southern Region of Fukushima Prefecture, Marumori Town in Miyagi Prefecture and the Evacuation Zone.

2013.02.24. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2013/feb/24/divorce-after-fukushima-nuclear-disaster Abigail Haworth. After Fukushima: families on the edge of meltdown. The Observer, Sunday 24 February 2013. .. "Nobody trusts the government any more," says Arima. She cites recent cases of official incompetence when supplies of beef, rice and vegetables declared safe by the authorities were found to be heavily contaminated. "You can only trust yourself."

2013.04.25. http://rt.com/news/koriyama-radiation-japan-fukushima-403/ Japanese court refuses to rehouse children near Fukushima site. Industry Minister Toshimitsu Motegi said this week that the country intends to restart some of the 48 nuclear reactors mothballed since 2011. Only two reactors are currently operational.

2013.05.16. http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328566.500-dont-compare-fukushima-to-chernobyl.html Don Higson. Don't compare Fukushima to Chernobyl. It's time to revise the way nuclear incidents are rated. Failure to do so plays into the hands of anti-nuclear propagandists. .. no member of the public received a significant dose of radiation attributable to the Fukushima Daiichi reactor emergency and no physical health effects of radiation should be expected.

Tamura, Miyakojimach, 2013.05.26: 665 nSv/h

2013.05.20. http://japandailypress.com/farmers-plant-rice-in-former-no-go-zone-in-fukushima-for-the-first-time-2029149 IDA TORRES. Farmers plant rice in former no-go zone in Fukushima for the first time. MAY 20, 2013. For the first time since the March 2011 nuclear accident in the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, farmers in the Miyakojimachi district of Tamura have begun planting rice in what was once a no-go zone. It’s also the first time that any kind of farming has been tried out in any former hot zone that’s within 20 km of the now inactive plant. Miyakojimachi is the only district that has completed decontamination according to the Fukushima prefecture.

2013.05.26. http://jciv.iidj.net/map/ suggests: Tamura, Miyakojimachi Furumichi 614 nsv/h 13-05-26 02:10.

2013.05.26. http://jciv.iidj.net/map/ suggests: Tamura, Miyakojimachi Furumichi 665 nsv/h 13-05-26 12:00.

2013.06.01. http://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2013/06/01/the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster-will-kill-no-one-as-i-told-you/ Tim Worstall. The Fukushima Nuclear Disaster Will Kill No One - As I Told You. 6/01/2013 @ 1:30PM.

2013.06.04. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/05/22/national/researchers-find-high-cesium-in-some-pacific-plankton MAY 22, 2013. The researchers collected plankton at 10 points in the Pacific from off Hokkaido to Guam between January and February 2012. They detected cesium-134 in plankton at all 10 points. The density of radioactive cesium was the highest at 8.2 to 10.5 becquerels per kilogram in samples collected from waters around 25 degrees north latitude and 150 degrees east longitude. The lowest concentration at any of the 10 points was 1.9 becquerels per kilogram.

2013.06.04. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/world-on-a-plate/2013/jun/04/fukushima-tuna-safe-to-eat Emma Bryce. Fukushima tuna safe to eat – study. Scientists allay fears over radioactivity in Pacific bluefin tuna, but stock levels mean the fish should still stay off the menu. Tuesday 4 June 2013.

2013.06.06. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/press/corp-com/release/2013/1228142_5130.html Press Release (Jun 06,2013)/ Water Leak from the Underground Reservoirs in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Follow-up Information No.203)/ This is follow-up information regarding the water leak from the underground reservoirs at Fukushima Daiichi NPS. // The water remaining in the underground reservoir No.3 was transferred to G6 tank utilizing a temporary line during daytime. The water transfer was completed at 12:38 PM today (June 6). // The total amount of water transferred from the underground reservoir No.3 to G6 tank during the period from May 18 to June 3 is approx. 8,200m$^3$. The total amount of water transferred from the underground reservoir No.3 to the underground reservoir No.6 during the period from June 3 to 6 is approx. 200m$^3$. // The remaining water transfer from the underground reservoir No.6 to G6 tank, which was suspended yesterday (June 5), was restarted at 2:38 PM today. As a result of patrol on the water transfer status, no abnormality such as leakage has been found.

2013.06.07. http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2013/06/un-report-fukushima-disaster-no-cancer-risk Emma Stoye. Fukushima disaster has not raised cancer risks, says UN. Radiation released from the Fukushima nuclear disaster may not be high enough to produce a noticeable increase in cancers © AP/Press Association Images/

2013.06.19. http://news.yahoo.com/lightbox/file-wednesday-june-12-2013-file-photo-steel-photo-153919387.html June 12, 2013 file photo, the steel structure for the use of the spent fuel removal from the cooling pool is seen at the Unit 4 of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant at Okuma in Fukushima prefecture, Japan. Tokyo Electric Power Co., the operator of Japan’s crippled nuclear power plant, showed journalists the massive steel structure built next to one of the damaged reactor buildings to help extract more than 1,500 fuel rods from a cooling pool on top of it. Japan's nuclear watchdog has formally approved new safety requirements for atomic plants, paving the way for the reopening of facilities shut down since the Fukushima disaster. The new requirements approved Wednesday, June 19, by the Nuclear Regulation Authority will take effect on July 8, when operators will be able to apply for inspections. If plants pass inspection, they can reopen. (AP Photo/Noboru Hashimto, Pool, File)

2013.06.27 http://news.yahoo.com/japan-gets-1st-reprocessed-nuclear-fuel-since-2011-083327698.html MARI YAMAGUCHI. 2013.06.27. Japan gets 1st reprocessed nuclear fuel since 2011. Associated Press/Kyodo News - Protesters punch the air as a freighter, center in background, carrying MOX, a mixture of uranium and plutonium oxide, arrives at the Takahama nuclear power station, background, in Takahama town, Fukui prefecture, Japan, Thursday, June 27, 2013. The power plant on the Sea of Japan coast has received the first shipment of reprocessed nuclear reactor fuel sent from France since the 2011 disaster that forced it to shut down reactors. Operators of the plant are hoping to use the fuel once they get the go-ahead to restart their reactors. (AP Photo/Kyodo News) JAPAN OUT .. The fuel, a mixture of uranium and plutonium oxide called MOX, arrived aboard a freighter from France at the Takahama nuclear power station on the Sea of Japan coast in western Japan. Dozens of anti-nuclear activists rallied outside the complex, chanting slogans against the shipment and use of plutonium-based fuel.

2013.07.07. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2013/07/07/national/tritium-soaring-in-water-at-no-1-plant Tritium soaring in water at No. 1 plant. Jul 7 2013. Tokyo Electric Power Co. said Sunday that 600,000 becquerels per liter of tritium has been detected in groundwater at the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant.

2013.07.09. http://enenews.com/record-levels-of-radioactive-material-detected-at-fukushima-600000-bqliter-in-groundwater-official-may-be-seeping-from-reactors-into-ocean Record levels of radioactive material detected at Fukushima — 600,000 Bq/liter in groundwater — Official: May be seeping from reactors into ocean. July 8th, 2013 at 5:20 pm.

2013.07.09. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-09/man-who-battled-fukushima-disaster-dies-of-cancer/4810000 Masao Yoshida, boss of nuclear plant who battled Fukushima disaster, dies of cancer. Posted Tue Jul 9, 2013 10:42pm AEST The former boss of Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant, who stayed at his post to try to tame runaway reactors after the 2011 tsunami, has died of cancer, the operator said. // Masao Yoshida, 58, was at the power station on March 11, 2011, when towering waves swamped cooling systems and sparked meltdowns that released plumes of radiation.

2013.07.09. http://rt.com/news/radiation-levels-soar-fukushima-839/ Radioactive cesium level soars 90-fold at Fukushima in just 3 days. July 09, 2013 16:06. TEPCO, the company that operated the plant and is now in charge of the cleanup and decommissioning, said that cesium-134 levels in the well water were at 9,000 becquerels per liter, 150 times the legal level. While cesium-137 measured 18,000 becquerels, 200 times the permitted level.// Cesium-137 has a half-life of 30 years and the readings were some 85 times higher than they had been three days earlier.

2013,07.12. http://fukushima-diary.com/2013/07/tepco-admitted-leakage-from-reactor23-to-the-trench150000000000bqm3-of-cs-134137-0-1-svh/ Mochizuki. Tepco admitted leakage from reactor2&3 to the trench,”150,000,000,000Bq/m3 of Cs-134/137, 0.1 Sv/h. July 12th, 2013.

2013.07.18. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201307180064 SHIGEKO SEGAWA. Survey: Most Japanese think Fukushima nuclear accident not settled. July 18, 2013. The vast majority of Japanese, 94 percent, think the nuclear accident at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant triggered by the earthquake and tsunami two years ago has not been put under control, a survey showed. .. According to the survey, 94 percent said that they thought the nuclear accident had not been settled. When asked for reasons, many responded that radioactive substances were still leaking from the stricken plant. .. 33 percent said disaster information disseminated from the central government and its ministries and agencies was the most untrustworthy, .. 57 percent said they think a similar nuclear disaster will likely happen.// Thirty-one percent said nuclear power should be abandoned as soon as possible, whereas 54 percent said Japan should phase out nuclear power over time.// The research team presented the findings to a meeting of the Cabinet Office's Atomic Energy Commission on July 17.

2013.08.14. http://www.salon.com/2013/08/14/fukushima_cleanup_could_cause_biggest_disaster_to_date/ LINDSAY ABRAMS. Fukushima cleanup could cause biggest disaster to date. Tepco prepares for "a dangerous operation that has never been attempted before on this scale". WEDNESDAY, AUG 14, 2013 11:55 PM JST.

2013.08.21. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23776345 Japan nuclear agency upgrades Fukushima alert level. 21 August 2013 Last updated at 16:26 GMT. Japan's nuclear agency has upgraded the severity level of a radioactive water leak at the Fukushima plant from one to three on an international scale. .. There have been leaks of water in the past but this one is being seen as the most serious to date, because of the volume - 300 tonnes of radioactive water, according to Tepco - and high levels of radioactivity in the water. .. A puddle of the contaminated water was emitting 100 millisieverts an hour of radiation, Kyodo news agency said earlier this week. .. .

2013.09.03. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2013/9/3/japan-to-fund-icewalltostopreactorleaks.html

2013.09.04. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/04/world/asia/japan-fukushima-nuclear-crisis-explainer/index.html Tim Hume. Japan's Fukushima crisis: How did we get to this point? September 4, 2013 -- Updated 1149 GMT. .. water, which becomes highly radioactive once it comes into contact with the plant's fuel rods, has been stored in makeshift, hastily-built storage tanks around the site -- about 1,000 so far -- containing enough irradiated water to fill about 160 Olympic-sized swimming pools, with about 400 tons added to the tanks daily. .. In July, TEPCO disclosed that water from test wells around the reactor buildings showed concentrations of radioactive tritium in one well as high as 500,000 becquerels -- a unit of radioactive intensity -- per liter of water. By comparison, Japan's maximum safe level of radioactivity in drinking water for adults is 300 becquerels per liter.

2013.09.16. http://edition.cnn.com/2013/09/15/world/asia/japan-nuclear-reactor-shutdown/index.html Japan shuts down last nuclear reactor -- for now. September 16, 2013, 1044 GMT. Fukushima radiation readings spike to highest levels. September 3, 2013 3:54AM ET Updated September 4, 2013 7:54AM ET. .. The sensitive job of removing spent fuel rods is to start in the coming months. ..

2013.10.06. http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2013/10/6/japan-asks-for-worldshelponfukushimaleaks.html Japan asks for world's help on Fukushima leaks. October 6, 2013 11:42AM ET. 'My country needs your knowledge and expertise,' prime minister Abe says. .. "That's only common sense," Tsutsui, also a member of a citizens group of experts proposing safety measures for the plant. "But that seems to be the routine at the Fukushima Dai-ichi. I must say these are not accidents. There must be a systematic problem in the way things are run over there."

2013.10.08. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-10-08/an-japanese-students-call-for-better-communication-after-fukush/5008482 Bruce Atkinson. Japanese students call for better communication in wake of Fukushima disaster. Tue 8 Oct 2013, 3:57pm AEDT. Tohoku University student Sawa Ando says in the wake of the disaster, better communication was needed, especially with those inside the affected areas. // "My parent are living in Fukushima, in a town called Minamisoma, and right before the explosions at the nuclear power plant, my parents got wind of the accident," she said. // "So they were able to voluntarily evacuate before the official evacuation order came in.// "We saw that it took quite some time for the information of the accident to get to the residents... through official channels, so people living in the towns and villages close to the nuclear power plant were able to get information and react to it properly.// "But people living in towns and cities farther from the nuclear power plant have difficulty gathering accurate information." .

2013.10.12. https://www.cfact.org/2013/10/12/physicist-there-was-no-fukushima-nuclear-disaster Kelvin Kemm. There was no Fukushima nuclear disaster. .. There was no Fukushima nuclear disaster. Total number of people killed by nuclear radiation at Fukushima was zero. Total injured by radiation was zero. Total private property damaged by radiation….zero. There was no nuclear disaster. ..

2013.10.16. http://www.globalresearch.ca/lessons-from-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-accident/5354517 Arnie Gundersen. Lessons from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident. October 16, 2013. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) claims that the chance of a meltdown is one in a million. With 400 operating nuclear reactors worldwide, the NRC data means one meltdown would occur every 2,500 years. .. But that is not what has happened in real life. Instead, history shows us that there have been five meltdowns during the last 35 years: TMI, Chernobyl, and Fukushima Daiichi 1, 2, and 3 (apologies for not including Windscale, Santa Susana, and about a dozen more reactors) .. When someone’s brain reasons in a way to justify support for what it wants to be true, psychologists call it “Motivated Reasoning”.

2013.10.19. http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/iwaki-fishermen-resume-operations-off-fukushima-for-first-time-since-disaster Iwaki fishermen resume operations off Fukushima for first time since disaster. NATIONAL OCT. 19, 2013 - 06:16AM J FUKUSHIMA — Fishermen in the port of Iwaki in southern Fukushima Prefecture resumed operations Friday for the first time since the March 11, 2011 disaster. Thirteen trawlers left port at 2 a.m. and returned before noon with 1.3 tons of seven species, including squid, horse crab and round greeneye fish, Fuji TV reported. The local cooperative has set up its own radiation monitoring devices and and an official said none of Friday’s catch showed radiation above the permitted safety level.

2013.10.28. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/naoto-kan/japan-nuclear-energy_b_4171073.html Naoto Kan. Encountering the Fukushima Daiichi Accident. 10/28/2013 3:15 pm. Translated by Junko Abe. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was the most severe accident in the history of mankind. .. Before the Fukushima accident, with the belief that no nuclear accident would happen as long as the safety measures were followed properly, I had pushed the policy of utilizing nuclear power. Having faced the real accident as Prime Minister, and having experienced the situation which came so close to requiring me to order the evacuation of 50 million people, my view is now changed 180 degrees. Although some airplane crashes may claim hundreds of casualties, there are no other events except for wars that would require the evacuation of tens of millions of people. .. Operating nuclear power plants means creating spent nuclear fuel. It takes enormous amounts of money and time to deal with nuclear waste. What this means is that we are leaving the huge problem of nuclear waste for future generations to care for. There is no other way but to go down in the path toward achieving zero nuclear power, for the sake of our children and grandchildren.

2013.11.01. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201311010060 TEPCO reports 1st profit since Fukushima nuclear disaster

2013.11.12. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2013/nov/12/fukushima-daiichu-residents-radiation-japan-nuclear-power Justin McCurry. Fukushima residents may never go home, say Japanese officials. Tuesday 12 November 2013 13.30 GMT.

2013.12.18. http://www.tepco.co.jp/en/nu/fukushima-np/removal4u/index-e.html Fuel Removal from Unit 4 of Fukushima Daiichi NPS. The fuel assemblies stored in the fuel rack inside the Unit 4 spent fuel pool are to be taken out and transferred to the common pool located within the station site for centralized storage. This fuel removal operation starts on November 18, 2013. Its completion is scheduled for the end of 2014.

http://rt.com/news/fukushima-record-radiation-leak-616/ TEPCO detects record radiation at Fukushima’s reactor 2, new leak suspected December 22, 2013 22:41. TEPCO has found a record 1.9 million becquerels per liter of beta ray-emitting radioactive substances at its No.2 reactor. Previous the highest level – 1.8 million becquerels (bq/liter), of beta-ray sources per liter - was registered at reactor No.1 on December 13. ..


2014.01.02, http://rt.com/news/fukushima-steam-nuclear-reactor-064/ Plumes of mysterious steam rise from crippled nuclear reactor at Fukushima. Edited time: January 02, 2014 22:43

2014.01.14. http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/12/world/asia/defying-japan-rancher-saves-fukushimas-radioactive-cows.html MARTIN FACKLERJAN. 11, 2014. NAMIE, Japan. .. Defying Japan, Rancher Saves Fukushima’s Radioactive Cows. .. Angered by what he considers the Japanese government’s attempts to sweep away the inconvenient truths of the Fukushima nuclear disaster, Masami Yoshizawa has moved back to his ranch in the radioactive no-man’s land surrounding the devastated plant. .. A dosage meter near the ranch house reads the equivalent of about 1.5 times the government-set level for evacuation. ..

2014.02.01. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201402010038 Sludge designated radioactive waste for 1st time in Kanagawa.February 01, 2014. The Environment Ministry has classified 2.9 tons of sludge from Kanagawa Prefecture as radioactive waste derived from the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the first such designation for the prefecture on the southern border of Tokyo. .. Waste containing more than 8,000 becquerels of radioactive cesium, spewed from the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, per kilogram is eligible for the designation. A total of 140,000 tons had been designated by the end of 2013 from Tokyo and 11 prefectures, including Kanagawa. Comment: Id est, above $10^{12}$ Bq total; of order of $10^{22}$ unstable nuclei

2014.02.05 http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/20140205_32.html Fukushima governor proposes new waste storage plan. Feb. 5, 2014 - Updated 10:44 UTC. Yuhei Sato was speaking on Wednesday about a storage plan that the government in Tokyo announced in December. The plan calls on the prefecture and the 3 municipalities to allow building of intermediate storage facilities in Okuma, Futaba and Naraha towns. It says the government will buy 19 square kilometers of land in the towns for construction sites.

2014.02.05 http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20140205p2a00m0na014000c.html February 05, 2014(Mainichi Japan) Fukushima gov. to propose storage facilities for radioactive soil in 2 towns. .. At the end of last year, the Ministry of the Environment proposed a plan to build facilities in towns of Okuma, Futaba and Naraha to store 22 million to 28 million cubic meters of contaminated soil for 30 years. .. Comment: id est, of order of 0.03 km$^3$

2014.02.06 http://english.kyodonews.jp/news/2014/02/270029.html Tamura city expects nuclear evacuation order to be lifted in April. 21:56 6 February 2014.

2014.02.07. http://mainichi.jp/english/english/newsselect/news/20140207p2g00m0dm038000c.html Record-high strontium-90 in past Fukushima plant groundwater sample. FUKUSHIMA, Japan (Kyodo) -- The operator of the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant said Thursday that a groundwater sample taken from a well at the site in July last year contained a record-high 5 million becquerels per liter of radioactive strontium-90. Tokyo Electric Power Co. initially said that it had detected 900,000 becquerels per liter of beta ray-emitting radioactive substances, such as strontium, in the water sample taken July 5, but found problems in the measuring equipment in October.

2014.02.12. http://ajw.asahi.com/article/0311disaster/fukushima/AJ201402120063 HAKODATE, Hokkaido--The Hakodate municipal government will file a lawsuit demanding a halt to construction of a nuclear power plant across the Tsugaru Strait, arguing that an accident there could have catastrophic consequences for the city.

2014.02.14. http://www.ibtimes.com/fukushima-story-nuclear-disaster-reveals-new-insight-japanese-catastrophe-1554714 Roxanne Palmer. February 11 2014 5:00 PM. 'Fukushima: The Story Of A Nuclear Disaster' Reveals New Insight Into Japanese Catastrophe

2014.02.20. http://reliefweb.int/report/japan/100-tonne-radioactive-water-leak-fukushima-tepco Kyoko HASEGAWA. 100-tonne radioactive water leak at Fukushima. 20 Feb 2014. A new leak of 100 tonnes of highly radioactive water has been discovered at Fukushima, the plant's operator said Thursday, after it revealed only one of nine thermometers in a crippled reactor was still working. The tank, one of hundreds at the site that are used to store water contaminated during the process of cooling broken reactors, sits around 700 metres (2,300 feet) from the shore. The water it contains is highly radioactive, with a beta radiation reading "at 230 million becquerel per litre.. 100 tones * 230*10^6 Bq/litre means $2.3 \cdot 10^{10}$Bq.

2014.03.09. http://www.ottawacitizen.com/business/Thousands+march+against+nuclear+power+remember+Fukushima/9597063/story.html YURI KAGEYAMA. Thousands march against nuclear power, vow to remember Fukushima disaster ahead of anniversary. MARCH 9, 2014, TOKYO - Banging on drums and waving "Sayonara nukes" signs, thousands of people rallied in a Tokyo park and marched to Parliament on Sunday to demand an end to nuclear power ahead of the third anniversary of the Fukushima disaster.

2014.03.12. http://www.bbc.co.uk/russian/multimedia/2014/03/140311_v_fukushima_three_years.shtml Фукусима 3 года спустя: убивает не радиация.12 марта 2014 г., 06:29 GMT 10:29 MCK.

2014.04.07. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/radiation-608614-tepco-navy.html TERI SFORZA. Crew of USS Ronald Reagan says Japanese utility’s failure to warn of radiation risks during 2011 tsunami relief effort led to excess exposure, illness. April 7, 2014 8:07 a.m.

2014.10.02. http://www.japantoday.com/category/national/view/evacuation-advisory-lifted-for-part-of-town-near-fukushima-nuclear-plant Evacuation advisory lifted for part of town near Fukushima nuclear plant. NATIONAL OCT. 02, 2014 - 06:55AM JST. FUKUSHIMA — The government on Wednesday lifted its evacuation advisory for part of the town of Kawauchi which lies within 20 kilometers of the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. .. Prior to the March 11, 2011 nuclear disaster, Kawauchi’s population was 3,000. .. So far, only about 48 people out of 274 registered residents have indicated they are planning to return to live in the village, officials said. .. (2014.10.24, http://jciv.iidj.net/map/ : from 74 to 589 nSv/h)

2014.10.17. http://www.pri.org/stories/2014-10-16/frustrated-japans-coverage-fukushima-crisis-japanese-news-anchor-started Sam Harnett. Japan's timid coverage of Fukushima led this news anchor to revolt — and he's not alone. October 17, 2014 · 3:15 PM EDT. .. No one is telling Shiga Kamematsu the truth. .. It's been three-and-a-half years since 83-year-old Kamematsu left his home, with its rice patties, vegetable fields and 10 cows, fleeing the disaster at the nearby Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactor. He still can't go back. // When will it be ready for people again? No one seems to know — or be interested in telling him. “I can’t take my land with me,” he says, “so I don't know what to do. I can't see ahead.” // Kamematsu is one of about 80,000 people in Japan still officially displaced by the nuclear crisis. Questions remain about radiation levels, the clean-up process and when residents can return home. Yasuhiko Tajima, a professor of media studies at Tokyo's Sophia University, says many Japanese are frustrated by what they see as a lack of information.

2014.11.05. http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/20141105_02.html All spent fuel removed from Fukushima No.4 reactor. Nov. 5, 2014 - Updated 02:35 UTC+9 Workers have finished removing highly radioactive spent nuclear fuel from one of the reactor buildings at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi plant.

2014.11.05. http://rt.com/news/202367-fukushima-spent-fuel-removed/ Fukushima dismantling crew removes 400 tons of spent fuel from crippled reactor. November 05, 2014 08:51.

2014.11.07. http://rt.com/news/203091-sendai-nuclear-restart-japan/ Japanese governor approves 1st nuclear power restart since Fukushima disaster. November 07, 2014 11:02 Two reactors at Japan’s Sendai nuclear power plant received approval to be restarted by the governor and assembly for Kagoshima prefecture. ..

2014.11.12. http://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/english/news/nuclearwatch/20141112.html Earning consumer trust. NUCLEAR WATCH. Nov. 12, 2014. Farmers in northeastern Japan are struggling to recover from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. Radioactive substances contaminated some of their crops. And consumers are still reluctant to buy food from the area even if it has been deemed safe. In this edition of Nuclear Watch, we look at how Fukushima's farmers are managing this year's harvest. Date City is about 60 kilometers northwest of the Fukushima Daiichi plant. The main economic activity of the town is farming. Many people here grow rice. This year, 210-thousand bags of rice were harvested within Date. Farmers must bring all their produce to this facility for radiation checks. .. Officials check every bag with radiation detectors. The central government's limit for radioactive substances in food is 100 becquerels per kilogram. But Fukushima Prefecture has set a stricter limit of 60 becquerels. Farmers cannot sell items that exceed this level. ..

http://iopscience.iop.org/0952-4746/34/3/675/pdf/0952-4746_34_3_675.pdf T.Koike, Y.Suzuki, S.Genyu, I.Kobayashi, H.Komori, H.Otsu., H.Sakuma, K.Sakuma, E M Sarausad, K.Shimada., T.Shinozuka, H.Tamura, K.Tsukada, M.Ukai, T.O.Yamamoto. Comprehensive data on ionising radiation from Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in the town of Miharu, Fukushima prefecture: The Misho Project. J. Radiol. Prot. 34 (2014) 675–698.

2014.11.04. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-2860422/Japan-s-latest-tourist-attraction-Locals-offer-sightseeing-trips-Fukushima-amid-claims-contamination-levels-low-whistle-stop-visit.html JOHN HUTCHINSON. Japan's latest tourist attraction? Locals offer sightseeing trips to Fukushima... amid claims contamination levels are low enough for whistle-stop visit. 13:36 GMT, 4 December 2014.


2015.02.05. http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/navy-sailors-possibly-exposed-to-fukushima-radiation-fight-for-justice-a-1016482.html Alexander Osang. 'Uncertain Radiological Threat': US Navy Sailors Search for Justice after Fukushima Mission. February 05, 2015 – 08:14 PM. In March of 2011, the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan rushed to Japan to help after the disastrous tsunami. Since then, many sailors from that ship have fallen ill, possibly as a result of exposure to radiation from the Fukushima nuclear meltdown. They will soon have their day in court.

2015.02.06. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25658094 Wang N., Wu X., Kehrwald N., Li Z., Li Q., Jiang X., Pu J. Fukushima nuclear accident recorded in tibetan plateau snow pits. 2015 Feb 6;

2015.02.16. http://www.cfact.org/2015/02/16/the-lesson-of-fukushima-is-that-nuclear-energy-is-safe/ Kelvin Kemm. The lesson of Fukushima — Nuclear energy is safe. .. So what were the lessons learned from Fukushima? Quite simply they are that nuclear power has been proven to be much safer than anyone previously imagined. .. he nuclear fraternity worldwide should have celebrated after the Fukushima drama. The world watched the entire saga, second by second…and what was the outcome? Answer: total people killed by radiation, zero. Total injured, zero. Total private property damaged by radiation, zero. Expected long term effects on people; zero. ..

2015.08.17. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2015/08/17/national/crime-legal/tepco-facing-plaintiff-surge-fukushima-debacle-08-disaster-warning/#.VdGvQRbDNSV Tepco facing plaintiff surge over Fukushima debacle, ’08 disaster warning. .. Ogawa and other plaintiffs are seeking ¥20 million ($160,000) each in damages from Tepco. More than 10,000 evacuees and nearby residents have brought at least 20 lawsuits against the utility and the government over the handling of the disaster at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant 220 km (130 miles) north of Tokyo.

2015.12.10. http://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20151210/p2a/00m/0na/020000c Over 9 million bags of nuclear cleanup waste piled up across Fukushima Pref. December 10, 2015.


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