Leningrad nuclear plant

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Aerial view
zoomin, fragment
Release of vapour 2015.12.18 [1][2]

Leningrad nuclear plant, or Leningrad nuclear power plant (ЛАЭС, Ленинградская АЭС) из Soviet nucleаr plant near Peterburg.

Address: Sosnovy Bor, Leningrad Oblast, Russia

Coordinates: 59.83143, 29.05835


For 2015 December, Wikipedia suggests the following parameters:

Unit[5] Reactor type Net capacity
in MW
Gross capacity
in MW
Construction testing operation down
Leningrad - 1 RBMK-1000 925 1,000 1970/03/01 1973/12/21 1974/11/01 (2016)
Leningrad - 2 RBMK-1000 925 1,000 1970/06/01 1975/07/11 1976/02/11 (2017)
Leningrad - 3 RBMK-1000 925 1,000 1973/12/01 1979/12/07 1980/06/29 (2024)
Leningrad - 4 RBMK-1000 925 1,000 1975/02/01 1981/02/09 1981/08/29 (2025)
Leningrad II - 1 VVER-1200/491 (AES-2006) 1,085 1,170 2008/10/25 (2015) (2016) -
Leningrad II - 2 VVER-1200/491 (AES-2006) 1,085 1,170 2010/04/15[6] (2017) (2017) -
Leningrad II - 3 VVER-1200/491 (AES-2006) 1,085 1,170 (Planned)[7] - (2018) -
Leningrad II - 4 VVER-1200/491 (AES-2006) 1,085 1,170 (Planned)[8] - (2019) -

Problems before 2015

First version of this section is copypasted from Wikipedia; references of this section have no links and cannot be verified by the TORI staff.

1975.01.07, a concrete tank containing radioactive gases from Unit 1 exploded. [9] [10]

1975.06.06, the secondary cooling circuit of Unit 1 ruptured, releasing contaminated water into the environment. Three people were killed, and the accident was not reported in the media. [9][10]

1975.11.28, a fuel channel in Unit 1 suffered a loss of coolant, resulting in the degradation of a nuclear fuel assembly that led to a significant release of radiation lasting for one month. Immediately after the accident, the radiation level in Sosnovy Bor, 5km from the affected power unit, was 600 mR/h. The exposed inhabitants of the Baltic region were not notified of the danger. The accident was not reported in the media. (Practically the same accident occurred in Unit 1 of the Chernobyl Power Station in 1982.)[11][12][13]

1976.July and 1979.September, fire broke out in a concrete vault containing radioactive waste. Water used in extinguishing the fires was contaminated, leaked into the environment, and entered the water table. This was not reported in the media.[13][14]

1990.12.28, during refurbishment of Unit 1, it was noticed that the space between the fuel channels and the graphite stack (contaminated during the 1975 accident) had widened. The contaminated graphite was spilled, and the radiation levels in the space under the reactor increased. Radiation was detected 6 km away from the unit, but this was not reported in the media.[13][14]

1991.12.03, due to faulty equipment and lax safety rule compliance, 10 new fuel rods were dropped and damaged. The staff tried to conceal the accident from the management.[12]

1994.02.22. On 22 February 1994 a pipe weld failed, and water/steam was ejected into the environment from the ventilation stack. Radiation levels increased by a factor of 10. This was not reported by the media. No reference is provided. No reference is provided.

1996.January, a leak of radioactive water from a spent-fuel building was discovered, escaping at a rate of 12 L per day. By March 1997 the daily leakage had increased to 360 L. Finnish specialists helped to greatly reduce the leakage. No reference is provided.

2000.05.28, at the 1st power unit, a piece of rubber "left behind" after maintenance blocked the coolant (water) circulation in a nuclear fuel channel (which contains both the fuel rods and coolant). No reference is provided.

2000.08.19, in the spent fuel storage facility, a leak of radioactive water was found. The contaminated soil (about 1.5 t) was transferred into solid radioactive waste storage. No reference is provided.

2005.December, a private company reprocessing scrap metal at the facility was operating a non-nuclear smelter. It overheated and exploded, spraying molten metal across a large area and starting several fires. Three workers were burned in the explosion, with two experiencing burns over 90 percent of their bodies. [15]

2009.08.27, the third unit was stopped when a hole was found in the discharge header of a pump.[16] According to the automated radiation control system, the radiation situation at the plant and in its 30 km monitoring zone was normal.[16] The plant's management refuted rumors of an accident and stated that the third unit was stopped for a "short-term unscheduled maintenance", with a restart scheduled for 31 August 2009. [17]

2012,September, attempts to convince the administration of station to report the problem with the Leningrad nuclear plant are mentioned. [18].


Attempts to convince the administration of the Leningrad nuclear plant to provide the free access to the information about the contamination due to the plant are not successful. The sabotage of dosimetrists (and administration) is observed. Up to 2015 December, no service to inform the people about current density of ionising radiation is arranged; no Russian analogy of the Japanese map http://jciv.iidj.net/map/ is available.

The secrecy about contamination level of the territories around the Leningrad nuclear plant make strong analogy with the Chernobyl disaster of 1986.04.26 at the Soviet city Pripiat. First, the catastrophe was small, but lack of information caused wrong action by the "liquidators" (emergency groups of fire–fighters and soldiers) and converted the moderate accident to the global catastrophe.

The apparent sabotage of administration of the Leningrad nuclear plant causes panics at any news about any sound or vapour release from the plant.

2015.12.19, unit 2 was stopped (scrammed) due to a broken steam pipe. Radioactive-contaminated steam might have been released in the atmosphere. [19]

Due to the sabotage mentioned, it is difficult to estimate, how serious is the accident. The administrations of the plant claim, that the accident has no danger for the population.

The administrators are known to be Soviet veterans. The soviet veterans are known to be chronic liars. For thise reas, their statements about save situation are interpreted in the opposite way, as the alarm signal. The chemicals containing Iodine are reported to be sold out in the Petersburg drug stores. The people seem to afraid of distribution of the Iodine-131. If the release happens, is expected to be hidden by the administration. In such a way, the "calming" statements by the administration caused the panic. [1] .


Publications about sabotage of the dosimetrists and administration of the Leningrad nuclear plant show good agreement with more general concept about rapid growth of corrupdion in Russia since beginning of century 21; the criminal groups, terrorists happen to be incorporated at very top of the Russian administration. In a vulgar form, this concept can be formulated as follows [20][21][22]:

Corruption in Russia non only gets the large–scale character, but it becomes typical, usual phenomenon that characterises the life of the Russian administrators.

Hiding of map of the nuclear contamination is not only evidence of terroristic activity and sabotage at very top of the Russian administration. The messy election fraud at all levels of the election process in Russia give no chance for a honest person to be elected to Duma or take any important position in the Russian administration. The corruption of the Russian official is so strong and wide and complete, that many people think, that it is necessary to designate Russia as state sponsor of terrorism and to recognise the Russian state power as an international terrorist organisation. [23][24].


  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3369290/Russians-flee-city-panic-buy-iodine-fears-radioactive-leak-cover-huge-cloud-steam-emerges-nuclear-plant-officials-say-s-fine.html WILL STEWART. Russians flee city and panic-buy iodine over fears of a radioactive leak cover-up when huge cloud of steam emerges from nuclear plant but officials say ‘It’s fine’ . PUBLISHED: 18:55 GMT, 21 December 2015 | UPDATED: 19:46 GMT, 21 December 2015.
  2. http://www.fontanka.ru/2015/12/18/152/ Очевидцы показали парение над вторым энергоблоком ЛАЭС, 18.12.2015 17:16 40, В распоряжении нашего издания появилась фотография того, как второй энергоблок выглядел спустя некоторое время после инцидента. .. Напомним, что днем 18 декабря на втором энергоблоке произошел разрыв трубки на деаэраторной установке, из-за чего помещения заполнило значительное количество пара. Все работники отпущены по домам. .. Отметим, что на ЛАЭС работают советские реакторы РБМК-1000, которые относятся к типу «одноконтурных». Теплоноситель, проходящий через активную зону реактора, подается на турбины, а затем, после конденсации, поступает обратно в систему. По мнению экологов, это означает, что выброс на ЛАЭС был радиоактивным.
  3. http://47news.ru/articles/97270/ Директор Ленинградской атомной станции Владимир Перегуда прокомментировал нештатную ситуацию на ЛАЭС. Видеокомментарий директора ЛАЭС. 16:40 18.12.2015.
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mZAkT5wCLY Владимир Садовский о ситуации на ЛАЭС. Мой Сосновый Бор. Published on Dec 18, 2015.
  5. http://www.iaea.org/programmes/a2/ Power Reactor Information System of the IAEA: http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.powrea.htm?country=RU&sort=&sortlong=Alphabetic "Russian Federation: Nuclear Power Reactors"
  6. http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.prdeta.htm?country=RU&refno=164 Power Reactor Details Leningrad II-2 on the PRIS of the IAEA
  7. http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.prdeta.htm?country=RU&refno=165 Power Reactor Details Leningrad II-3 on the PRIS of the IAEA
  8. http://www.iaea.org/cgi-bin/db.page.pl/pris.prdeta.htm?country=RU&refno=167 Power Reactor Details Leningrad II-4 on the PRIS of the IAEA
  9. 9.0 9.1 Nuclear Encyclopedia, chief editor A.A. Yaroshinskaya.- Moscow: the Charity Fund of Yaroshinskaya, 1996.- 656p.
  10. 10.0 10.1 V.M. Kuznetsov, Russian Nuclear Power Engineering Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow. Opinion of independent expert. - Moscow: National press institute, 2000. - 288 p
  11. Nuclear Encyclopedia, chief editor A.A. Yaroshinskaya.- Moscow: the Charity Fund of Yaroshinskaya, 1996.- 656p.
  12. 12.0 12.1 V.M. Kuznetsov, Russian Nuclear Power Engineering Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow. Opinion of independent expert. - Moscow: National press institute, 2000. - 288 p.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 V.A, Melnikov, N.B. Malevannaya, Radiological Safety During the Operation of Nuclear Complex in Sosnovy Bor. - presentation at the international conference ENERGY. ECOLOGY. SAFETY, May 25–27, 1999, Sosnovy Bor.
  14. 14.0 14.1 V.M. Kuznetsov, Russian Nuclear Power Engineering Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow. Opinion of independent expert. - Moscow: National press institute, 2000. - 288 p
  15. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,178896,00.html Fox News. Russian Nuclear Plant Explosion Injures Three. 1 December 2011.
  16. 16.0 16.1 http://lennpp.rosenergoatom.ru/eng/press/news/article/?article-id=86CC234D-751F-4D89-8561-AB226345008D The third unit of Leningrad NPP has been stopped, Rosenergoatom, 28 August 2009
  17. http://lennpp.rosenergoatom.ru/eng/press/news/article/?article-id=34559542-3942-4E44-B035-9C6D139D15CC Leningrad NPP refutes rumors about accident, Rosenergoatom, 28 August 2009
  18. http://yle.fi/uutiset/teemat/talvimyrsky/2011/12/myrsky_sulki_generaattorin_venalaisvoimalassa_3133775.html Storm-caused impurities in cooling water and filters forced to shut down a generator
  19. http://en.news-4-u.ru/near-st-petersburg-the-accident-occurred-at-the-nuclear-power-plant-may-have-leaked-radioactive-steam.html ADMIN. Near St. Petersburg the accident occurred at the nuclear power plant: may have leaked radioactive steam. Декабрь 19 2015 2:01.
  20. http://samlib.ru/k/kuznecow_d_j/2009april.shtml Доклад по борьбе с коррупцией в высших эшелонах власти. РАБОЧАЯ ГРУППА ПО БОРЬБЕ С КОРРУПЦИЕЙ В ВЫСШИХ ЭШЕЛОНАХ ВЛАСТИ, Россия, 125057, г. Москва, Ленинградский проспект 75-416, тел./факс +7 499 1586251, Е-mail: ihc-mir@mail.ru 20 апреля 2009г. N ВК-15.
  21. http://www.ekonbez.ru/news/cat/15086 Генерал-майор МВД РФ, известный российский криминолог Владимир Семенович Овчинский, возглавлявший в прошлом российское бюро Интерпола, дал интервью, поражающее откровенностью. Генерал признал, что в России произошло полное сращивание государства с криминалом, а бандиты "окопались" на всех этажах власти. 20.06.2012, 10:37
  22. http://kremlin.ru/transcripts/1566 Д.Медведев. Вступительное слово на заседании Совета по противодействию коррупции. 30 сентября 2008 года, 16:25 Москва, Кремль. Д.Медведев: Коррупция в нашей стране приобрела не просто масштабный характер, она стала привычным, обыденным явлением, которое характеризует саму жизнь в нашем обществе...
  23. https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/designate-russia-state-sponsor-terrorism/XMjbTltM WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO: Designate Russia as "State Sponsor of Terrorism" In its unannounced war against Ukraine, Russia relies on covert operations which fall squarely within the definition of "international terrorism" under 18 U.S.C. § 2331. Specifically, armed operatives of Russia, acting under disguise, attempt to influence the policy of Ukrainian government by intimidation or coercion. They also try to affect the conduct of a government by assassinations and kidnapping, taking by force government buildings, police posts and military bases of Ukraine. This activity is being conducted on large scale and over prolonged time period, despite condemnation by the USA, G-7, NATO, EU and UN.// Accordingly, Russia must be officially designated as "State sponsor of terrorism", per http://www.state.gov/j/ct/list/c14151.htm Created: Apr 23, 2014
  24. https://petitions.whitehouse.gov//petition/recognise-russian-state-power-international-terrorist-organisation-0 WE PETITION THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION TO: To recognise the Russian state power as an international terrorist organisation. Terrorism, wars, economic crisis, mass emigration, famine, terror and chaos in the world will gradually cease, if we recognise the Russian state power as the international terrorist organisation. Evil will decrease for humanity as a whole and it will become possible to improve the state of our planet and ensure the normal human existence for many peoples of the world. Published Date: Dec 11, 2015 Issues: Civil Rights and Liberties, Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement, Homeland Security and Disaster Relief Learn about Petition Thresholds SIGNATURES NEEDED BY JANUARY 10, 2016


http://www.lnpp.ru Leningrad NPP Official website of the plant

http://lennpp.rosenergoatom.ru/eng/ Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant—Official website from operator

http://www.times.spb.ru/index.php?action_id=2&story_id=27522 Ecologists Slam Nuclear Power Plant