Election fraud

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Anti-Russian criminal drops the bunch of fake ballots into the ballot box, 2016.09.18. [1]
Fake ballots (already filled) confiscated 2014.05.10, that had been scheduled for the 2014.05.11 okkupendum in East Ukraine. Snapshot from video [2]

Election fraud ( Fraudulent Elections, Мошенничество на выборах) is phenomenon of significant and intentional deviation of the official results of the election from the opinions, wishes and will of the people. Usually this term refers to the parliamentary or presidential election in Russia and other countries that suffered the influence of the USSR, but the same term may refer to other countries too.

The election fraud may include the reject of registration of come candidates, the bribing of electors, illegal injection of ballots to the box during the election, robbery of ballots, tricks at the counting of votes and fake final protocols.

The election fraud (Fraudulent Elections) is considered as characteristics of fascism [3]. In civilized countries, the Election fraud is considered as serious crime [4].

58.99 + 32.96 + 23.74 + 19.41 + 9.32 + 1.46 + 0.59 = 146.47, by [5]

The election fraud seems to be important mechanism used by edro to keep the superior power in Russia at the beginning of century 21.

Statistical analysis of the official results

SobianinFraud.png Promoting of Sergei Sobianin with the extensive use of mobil boxes for ballots at the election 2013.09.08 in Moscow[6]

Some part of the fake ballots counted by the Electoral committee can be detected with the statistical analysis of the official data.

In 2011, the efficiency of such analysis had been indicated by Sergei Spilkin [7]. It is shown, that the hypothesis of the honest election in Russia can be rejected at high significance level. The assumption of the huge election fraud is necessary for the description of the experimental data.

The model of the election fraud had been suggested by Peter Klimek, Yuri Yegorov, Rudolf Hanel, and Stefan Thurner in 2012 [8]. The three parameters are introduced: for incremental fraud \(f_{\mathrm i}\), the extreme fraud \(f_{\mathrm e}\) and the deliberate wrong-counting \(\alpha\). With these parameters, the good agreement of the model with the observed statistical properties is reported. Data for elections in Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Spain, Switzerland, Poland, France, Romania, Russia, and Uganda have been analyzed. For the two last countries, the modeling of the election fraud is essential for the description of the announced results; the model shows good agreement with the observed data.

Ruben Enikolopov, Vasily Korovkin, Maria Petrova, Konstantin Sonin and Alexei Zakharov have evaluated the lower estimate of amount of the fake votes at the 2011.12.04.Election to be at least 11 percentage points lower than the official count (36% instead of 47%) [9].

Churov saw

9a9ce----3.jpg Churov saw at the histogram for 2011.12.04.Election of Duma [10][11]

PamfilovaPeak.jpg Pamfilova peak at the histogram for the 2016.09.18.Election in the Saratov region [12]

One of strong evidence of the election frad is the so-called Churov saw (Churov comb, Пила Чурова) and, in the case of a single hump, the Pamfilova peak (Пик Памфиловой). The statistically–significant excess of election places with the turn–out or the results for fuhrer and/or his party, that tis integer factor of 1% and, especially, integer factor go 5% is reported. In the case of Pamfilova peak, the statistically significant humb at 62% is reported. Apparently, the criminals at many election places had altered the results in the same way. Some examples of the resulting histograms are suggested below:

Churov saw at the histogram for the 2018.03.18.Fraud with step 0.1% [14]

Term Churov saw (Churov comb, Пила Чурова) had been suggested after Vladimir Churov (Чуров Владимир Евгеньевич), believed to be the main criminal in organisation of the election fraud in Russia in 2009–2016.

Term Pamfilova peak (Пик Памфиловой). had been suggested after Ella Pamfilova (Памфилова Элла Александровна), believed to be the main criminal in organisation of the election fraud in Russia in 2016–2018.

Churov v e.jpg Ella Pamfilova.jpg

Scientific fact

Up to year 2018, no alternative description (without the election fraud) of the observed peculiarities in the distribution of votes has been suggested. In this sense, the massive election fraud in Uganda and Russia can be considered as scientific fact.

This concept show good agreement with other evidences of the fraud, in particular, observation of injections of fake ballots, carousels (Карусель, the same team of impostors visit several election places, dropping the fake ballots into the election boxes), fake protocols and even fake election places (that exist in documents, but are not opened for the electors at the election day).

Bribery of electors

The gobernment-dependent electors are informed, that they will get good governmental support if certain candidate gets sufficient support at the election on their institute.

Menaces of electors and gubernators

The electors may be notified that they will have serious problems, if the result of election does not satisfy the bosses.

The governers who did not support the fraud, are dismissed [15].

Injection and robbery of ballots

The injection of ballots implied either fake protocols with non-existing electors, or robbery of the "true" protocols at the stage of the counting. If failure with robbery of protocols, the number of votes may greatly exceed the number of electors. This excess gives the estimate that or order of 46% of all ballots, finally counted at the election in Russia, are injected by the corruptioners.

Many movies of injection of fake ballots are available online [16][17][18][19][20][21][22].

More evidences

Several authors mention the election fraud in Russia. The fraud at the election are considered to be so serious, that put in doubt the legitimacy of Russian Duma and that of Vladimir Putin; he appears as terrorist, criminal, who pretends to be elected by the people of the country. The same refers to his party Edro. [23][24][25][26][17][27][28].

The evidences of the election fraud in Russia are confirmed at every election, and, in 2017. [29]

Resistance to the election fraud

It is believed, that the careful observers reduce the ability of occupants to get illusion of high support of population with the election fraud. See, for erxample, the article Татьяна Фетисова. Отчет о работе на пользу отечеству (In Russian).

Hundreds of petitioners think, that the administrations of civilised countries should not recognize the legitimacy of the elections in Russia. [30].

Fake election committees

Some local election commissions exist as closed clubs; neither observers, nor even electors take part in the election. The member of the fake election committees get the ballots, fill them by themselves and submit to the Central Election committee as if the real election took place [31][32].

Alteration of final protocols

If the result of the election at some local election committee looks too sad for the occupants, they may just re-write the resulting protocols. Many observations of such alteration are reported [31][32]; often, the final protocol has nothing to do with the protocol of the local election commission (See, for example, Ruelect). .

Efficienty of the election fraud

The appropriate combination of bribery of electors, the injection and robbery of ballots and the alteration of the final protocols may provide any result of the eleciton requested by the corruptioners.

At the election fraud, the criminal candidate may collect almost 100% of votes.

Punishment of the crimes

In civilized countries, the crimes committed the election fraud may be seriously punished [4].

In Russia, members of the anti-Russian criminal groups, that perform the election fraud, are only wished to be judged and punished. The penalty from one to three years of prison for the members of the election committees is suggested. [16]

Some symbolic compensations to some victims of the election fraud are reported [33]


PutInYourVoteHere1001.gif Chestnye.jpg "Referendum" in Crimea: no option to stay in Ukraine. 2014.03.16. [34] StupinElectionFraud.jpg EleFraudJump.jpg PutinPartyVote.jpg


  1. http://www.politico.eu/article/russias-election-free-sausages-and-fraud-allegations-parliament-vote/ OLIVER CARROLL. Russia’s election: Free sausages and fraud allegations. Vladimir Putin’s United Russia is the big winner with a constitutional ajority. 9/19/16, 3:14 PM CET Updated 9/20/16, 6:08 AM CET.
  2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=imcyNGvbPGw#t=20 Обозреватель. Задержана группа террористов перевозивших 100 тыс "проголосовавших" бюллетеней. Published on May 10, 2014. В ходе проведения антитерористической операции, 10 мая на подступах к Славянску Донецкой области была задержана группа вооруженных террористов.
  3. http://www.ratical.org/ratville/CAH/fasci14chars.html Lawrence Britt. The 14 Characteristics of Fascism. Spring 2003. Copyright © 2003 Free Inquiry magazine. Reprinted for Fair Use Only.
  4. 4.0 4.1 http://lincolnjournalinc.com/hearings-for-bowman-whitten-p8003-1.htm SE�N O�DONOGHUE. Five weeks since federal authorities announced an ongoing election fraud probe in Lincoln County, two Lincoln County men were due to appear in federal court this morning (Wednesday, March 7, 2012) to enter their plea agreements. Thu, 15 Mar, 2012.
  5. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/1831646 Победа единовбросов. Журнал "Коммерсантъ Власть", №49 (953), 12.12.2011. (in Russian)
  6. http://ru-opposition.livejournal.com/8728263.html Выборка избирательных участков с высоким процентом голосования на дому на выборах мэра Москвы 8.09.2013. 12:03 am - 3 УИК #Новая_Москва попали в аномалию по переносным урнам:3301-31%,3303-19%,3330-18%(max-76%!). Сентябрь 13, 2013. 2013.09.13.
  7. http://www.gazeta.ru/science/2011/12/10_a_3922390.shtml СЕРГЕЙ ШПИЛЬКИН. Статистика исследовала выборы. 10.12.11 14:57.
  8. http://www.pnas.org/content/109/41/16469.abstract Peter Klimek, Yuri Yegorov, Rudolf Hanel, and Stefan Thurner. Statistical detection of systematic election irregularities. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, vol. 109 no. 41, 16469–16473 (2012)
  9. http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/12/19/1206770110.full.pdf Ruben Enikolopov, Vasily Korovkin, Maria Petrova, Konstantin Sonin and Alexei Zakharov. Field experiment estimate of electoral fraud in Russian parliamentary elections. PNAS Early Edition. (2012)
  10. http://narodna.pravda.com.ua/rus/photos/5082bf0887151/ М.Терен. Математика против фальсификаторов часть 3 (выявление способов фальсификации). | 20.10.2012 18:11. По тупой наивности фальсификаторы надеются остаться не разоблаченными математикой, но их наивные потуги тщетны. Даже будучи предоставлены сами себе и имея возможность вбрасывать хоть все 100%, они никогда не смогут согласовать более 30тыс. участков.
  11. http://narodna.pravda.com.ua/rus/photos/5082bf0887151/ М.Терен. Математика против фальсификаторов часть 3 (выявление способов фальсификации). | 20.10.2012 18:11. По тупой наивности фальсификаторы надеются остаться не разоблаченными математикой, но их наивные потуги тщетны. Даже будучи предоставлены сами себе и имея возможность вбрасывать хоть все 100%, они никогда не смогут согласовать более 30тыс. участков.
  12. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1085742054843055&set=a.214326691984600.56089.100002218113994 Sergey Romanchuk. September 22, 2016.
  13. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1653785591376737&set=a.1653785434710086.1073741834.100002359376948 Sergey Shpilkin. 2018.03.19.
  14. https://kobak.livejournal.com/111535.html Dmitry Kobak. пики 2018. 2018-03-19 11:17:00 Сергей Шпилькин прислал свежевыкачанные с сайта ЦИК данные. Вот как выглядят в этом году пики. (Историю вопроса см. в https://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aoas/1458909907)
  15. http://korrespondent.net/russia/1309207-v-rossii-uvolen-gubernator-oblasti-gde-er-nabrala-menshe-30 В России уволен губернатор области, где ЕР набрала меньше 30%. 2012, 17 января, 23:59 Русская служба Би-би-си.
  16. 16.0 16.1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=43MaSIVGTqQ&app=desktop Саша саша. ЖЁСТКИЕ НАРУШЕНИЯ НА ВЫБОРАХ 18 сентября 2016( большая подборка видео от КАМИКАДЗЕ). Published on Sep 18, 2016. .. Всю избирательную коммиссию в Ростовен на Дону участка 1958 от одного до трёх лет лишения свободы..
  17. 17.0 17.1 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3796116/Putin-s-party-sweeps-victory-Russian-elections-amid-evidence-vote-rigging-CCTV-catching-one-woman-stuffing-multiple-vote-slips-ballot-box.html JULIAN ROBINSON. CCTV captures the moment 'an election official stuffs a pile of voting papers in to a ballot box' in Russia as Putin's party sweeps to victory amid claims of vote-rigging. 07:32 GMT, 19 September 2016 | UPDATED: 17:11 GMT, 19 September 2016 Film shows woman producing papers from desk at Russian polling station CCTV shows her taking pile of papers and pushing them into ballot box The footage comes amid claims of vote-rigging in the Russian elections Ruling United Russia has cruised to an easy victory in parliamentary polls
  18. https://www.facebook.com/sergonaumovich/videos/472960726216968/ Sergey Naumovich. Мастер-класс по проведению честных выборов от российских специалистов. 2012 год. 11 мая. Видеозапись с участка №100 Василеостровского района Санкт-Петербурга, сделанную в день президентских выборов.
  19. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7qtrPgIJHZY Дмитрий Гутов. Санкт-Петербург. Вброс бюллетеней в урну для голосования (Видеозапись с веб- ..) Sep 12, 2013.
  20. https://www.facebook.com/adagamov/videos/vb.100003208032044/1055884694528455/?type=2&theater Рустем Адагамов. 2016.09.19. «Так, девочки, быстро...» УИК 1198, Белгородская обл. https://www.wikiuiki.org/ik/31-uik-1198
  21. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmeohhiH00g Путинский ЦИрК представляет: ВбросоВыборы 2016. on Sep 18, 2016. Путинский ЦИК: Центральная избирательная комиссия России... И это ведь всякие училки–завучи. А потом к этим бесстыжим тварям вести учиться детей? Чему они могут научить?
  22. https://www.facebook.com/adagamov/videos/vb.100003208032044/1055884694528455/?type=2&theater Рустем Адагамов. 2016.09.19. «Так, девочки, быстро...» УИК 1198, Белгородская обл. https://www.wikiuiki.org/ik/31-uik-1198
  23. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/world/europe/observers-detail-flaws-in-russian-election.html?_r=0 ELLEN BARRY and MICHAEL SCHWIRTZMARCH. After Election, Putin Faces Challenges to Legitimacy. MARCH 5, 2012.
  24. http://hotair.com/archives/2016/09/20/reuters-discovers-voter-fraud-russian-parliamentary-election/ Olga Sichkar, Jack Stubbs and Gleb Stolyarov. Phantom voters, smuggled ballots hint at foul play in Russian vote. Tue Sep 20, 2016 | 9:36am EDT
  25. http://www.dw.com/en/allegations-of-voter-fraud-surface-in-russian-parliamentary-polls/a-19560036 Allegations of voter fraud surface in Russian parliamentary polls. Results from the Altai region in Siberia could be discounted if allegations of vote fraud there are confirmed, Russia's election commission said Sunday. 18.09.2016. Election commission head Ella Pamfilova said Sunday morning she had received reports of so-called "carousel voting" - where votes are cast several times - in the Siberian city of Barnaul. She said if the reports were found to be true, the commission would call for criminal prosecution and "consider annulling the elections." She added that everything was "going normally" in other regions.
  26. http://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2016/09/daily-chart-12 Fraud in Russia’s elections. Sep 19th 2016, 14:05 BY THE DATA TEAM.
  27. http://www.dw.com/en/opinion-clear-voter-fraud-in-russia/a-19561899 OLIVER CARROLL. Russia’s election: Free sausages and fraud allegations. Vladimir Putin’s United Russia is the big winner with a constitutional majority. 9/19/16, 3:14 PM CET Updated 9/20/16, 6:08 AM CET
  28. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-37403242 Russian election: Big victory for Putin-backed party United Russia 19 September 2016. Voting irregularities were reported in several areas and the head of the election commission suggested that the results might be cancelled in three polling stations. .. The independent election monitoring group Golos said that "although the level of violations in this election campaign was lower than in 2011 there were many in the run-up to the voting". It said the elections were "far from what could be called really free and fair".
  29. https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-russia-election-fraud-exclusive/exclusive-at-a-russian-polling-station-phantom-voters-cast-ballots-for-the-tsar-idUKKCN1BN15N Exclusive - At a Russian polling station, phantom voters cast ballots for the 'Tsar'. September 12, 2017 / 7:50 PM VLADIKAVKAZ/IVNYA, Russia (Reuters) - At polling station no. 333 in the Russian city of Vladikavkaz, Reuters reporters only counted 256 voters casting their ballots in a regional election on Sunday.// People were voting across Russia in what is seen as a dress rehearsal for next year’s presidential vote. Kremlin candidates for regional parliaments and governorships performed strongly nationwide.// When the official results for polling station no. 333 were declared, the turnout was first given as 1,331 before being revised up to 1,867 on Tuesday. That is more than seven times higher than the number of voters counted by Reuters - with 73 percent of the votes going to United Russia, the party of President Vladimir Putin.
  30. https://secure.avaaz.org/ru/petition/Prezident_SShA_Kongress_SShA_Evroparlament_Ne_priznavat_legitimnymi_vybory_v_Rossii Not to recognize the legitimacy of the elections in Russia. The appeal to the international community to not recognise the results of current elections in Russia. Опубликовано Сентябрь 12, 2016
  31. 31.0 31.1 http://www.novayagazeta.ru/news/52340.html Артур Асафьев. Предварительные итоги выборов в Башкирии. 05.12.2011. .. колоссальные размеры приобрела фальсификация итогов голосования в территориальных избирательных комиссиях. В них, вопреки избирательному законодательству происходило массовое переписывание протоколов об итогах подсчета голосов на участках. Как сообщили в штабах партий «ЯБЛОКО» и «Справедливая Россия», на многих участках подсчет голосов начался, вопреки закону, лишь спустя два-три часа после закрытия участков. После подсчета председатели участковых комиссий, выдав наблюдателям заверенную копию протокола, уезжали в ТИК и там либо заполняли совершенно новый протокол другими цифрами, либо переделывали старый. Об изменениях первичных протоколов наблюдателям от партий никто не сообщал. Массовая переделка участковых протоколов в ТИКах серьезно задержала итоговый подсчет результатов голосования по республике.
  32. 32.0 32.1 http://www.fontanka.ru/2011/12/05/234/ ГАС "Выборы" проявила искусственный интеллект. Тысячи голосов избирателей на выборах депутатов ЗС Петербурга чудесным образом перераспределились в пользу преимущественно одной партии при переносе данных из бумажных протоколов участковых комиссий (УИК) в систему ГАС "Выборы".
  33. http://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#_Toc482114377 CASE OF DAVYDOV AND OTHERS v. RUSSIA (Application no. 75947/11) JUDGMENT// STRASBOURG. 30 May 2017. .. III. APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 41 OF THE CONVENTION // 348. Article 41 of the Convention provides: // “If the Court finds that there has been a violation of the Convention or the Protocols thereto, and if the internal law of the High Contracting Party concerned allows only partial reparation to be made, the Court shall, if necessary, afford just satisfaction to the injured party.” // A. Damage // 349. Four of the applicants (Mr Davydov, Mr Belyakov, Mr Truskanov and Ms Pushkareva) claimed 10,000 euros (EUR) each in respect of non‑pecuniary damage. The other applicants did not seek any awards. // 350. The Government found the sums claimed to be excessive. // 351. The Court agrees that the applicants are victims of a violation of the right to free elections and that such a finding can lead to an award compensating for non-pecuniary damage. It awards the four applicants listed above EUR 7,500 each in respect of non-pecuniary damage. // B. Costs and expenses // 352. Six applicants claimed a total of EUR 8,000 for costs and expenses incurred before the Court. They stated that Ms Napara had spent 50 billable hours on the case (at a rate of EUR 100 per hour) and Ms Moskalenko 25 billable hours (at a rate of EUR 150 per hour). // 353. The Government stressed that the applicants had no written contract with the representatives, which made their claim unsubstantiated. // 354. According to the Court’s case-law, an applicant is entitled to reimbursement of his or her costs and expenses only in so far as it has been shown that these have been actually and necessarily incurred and are reasonable as to quantum. The absence of a written agreement to recover fees does not exclude the existence of a contractual obligation (see Fadeyeva v. Russia, no. 55723/00, § 147, ECHR 2005‑IV). The Court observes that Ms Moskalenko and Ms Napara represented the applicants throughout the proceedings before the Court; in particular, they submitted their applications and submitted written observations on their behalf. Having regard to the documents in its possession and the above criteria, the Court considers it reasonable to award EUR 8,000 as claimed (EUR 5,000 to Ms Napara and EUR 3,000 to Ms Moskalenko), plus any tax that may be chargeable to the applicants. The amounts awarded shall be payable into the representatives’ bank accounts directly, as requested by the applicants. // C. Default interest // 355. The Court considers it appropriate that the default interest rate should be based on the marginal lending rate of the European Central Bank, to which should be added three percentage points.
  34. https://twitter.com/olgatokariuk/status/445114355940872192/photo/1 http://www.thewire.com/global/2014/03/50000-people-gather-moscow-protest-russian-intervention-ukraine/359210/ MAR 15, 2014 9:57AM ET / RUSSIANS IN UKRAINE As Crimea Votes to Join Russia, Ukrainian and Russian Troops Head Toward Border

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_fraud Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both. What constitutes electoral fraud varies from country to country.

2014.10. https://crawford.anu.edu.au/distribution/newsletter/ajrc/ajrc09.html Yusaku Horiuchi. Detecting electoral fraud in Japan. AUSTRALIA & JAPAN IN THE REGION, Volume 2, No 5, October 2014.

2015.04.18. http://www.eastasiaforum.org/2015/04/18/detecting-electoral-fraud-in-japan/ Yusaku Horiuchi. Detecting electoral fraud in Japan. 18 April 2015.

2017.09.22. http://www.sankei.com/west/news/170922/wst1709220020-n1.html 堺市長選で意図的詐欺投票か 選管「期日前投票2回」のミス、二重投票特定できず有効票に… 2017.9.22 08:40. 24日に投開票される堺市長選と府議堺市堺区補選(欠員1)で、堺区選管は21日、期日前投票を済ませた人が再び投票するミスがあったと発表した。二重投票と特定できないため、いずれも有効票となる。区選管から報告を受けた市選管が、意図的な詐偽投票の可能性もあるとみて、府警へ届け出た。

2017.12.26. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/37894/decision-russian-central-election-commission-bar-alexei-navalny-running-2018-presidential_en Decision of the Russian Central Election Commission to bar Alexei Navalny from running in the 2018 Presidential election. 26/12/2017 - 10:53. The Russian Central Electoral Commission's decision stating that Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny cannot run in the 2018 national Presidential elections due to an alleged past conviction casts a serious doubt on political pluralism in Russia and the prospect of democratic elections next year.// Mr Navalny, who has been sentenced on charges of embezzlement, has been judged by the European Court of Human Rights to have been denied the right to a fair trial in his prosecution in 2013 for the same charges.// Politically-motivated charges should not be used against political participation. We expect the Russian authorities to ensure that there is a level playing field, including in the presidential elections that will take place on 18 March.// We also expect the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) to be invited to observe these elections. The European Union will base its assessment of the electoral process on their findings, as we have done in the past.


2011.12.04.Election, 2012.03.04.Election, 2012.03.04.Election in Tokyo, Churov saw, Corruption, Ella Pamfilova, Fascism, Fraud, Nuremberg-2, Pahanat, Pamfilova peak, Russia, Usurpation Vladimir Churov,,,