Molotov cocktail

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Molotov cocktail by movie [1]
Czechs people fire the Soviet tank with the Molotov cocktail , 1968, August, Prague

Molotov cocktail (Коктейль Молотова) is self-made weapon, consisting on a bottle with a flamable liquid tapped with some permeable plug, that is lighted and launched into the enemy.



The Molotov cocktail is named after the Soviet veteran Viacheslav Molotov (Молотов Вячеслав Михайлович), who had raised the World War 2 with his famous Molotov-Ribbentrop pact in 1939. The Molotov cocktail was used to stop the Soviet invasion into Finland. According to the Soviet Legend, the Russian troop were expected to come to Finland as liberators of the Finnish people from capitalism. So, some Russian soldiers and officers could expect to get some tasty drink there.

However, the Soviet occupants met the heroic resistance of the Finnish people, especially at the Mannerheim Line. Finland is orders of magnitude smaller, that the USSR, and the Finnish army suffer of shortage of bomb, guns and missiles. Then, the Molotov Cocktail is used against the Molotov's "liberators". Many Soviet occupants were killed there, and some of them – with the Molotov cocktail.

Use in World War II

The Molotov cocktails were used in the second part of the World War 2, since Stalin and Hitler become enemies, as the mass corruption and sabotage in the Soviet Army led some soldiers without ammunition, and they had to use the Molotov cocktail instead of grenades.

Efficiency of the Molotov Cocktail, compared to the ant-tank missiles (panzerschreck) is law.

Resistance to Soviet occupants

The Molotov cocktail was used by the Czech patriots in 1968 against the Soviet troops during the Soviet invasion into Czekhoslovakia. Due to the low efficiency of the Molotov Cocktail against tanks and machine guns, the defenders were defeated, and Czechoslovakia remained the colony of the USSR almost until its collapse in 1990s.

Putin world war and Euromaidan

The Molotov cocktail is used in 2013-2014 at Euromaidan, since application of the gun fire against protestors in Kiev. The gunfire is believed to be tpovided by the Putin's ihtamnets in order to provoke the disorder and make a pretext for the Russian invasion into Ukraine.

The Molotov cocktail, combined with other self-made weapon happened to be efficient against the Putin's occupants (see Putin world war), who invaded Ukraine since 2014 February. After recovery of the Ukrainian army, the Molotov Cocktail is almost not used, there. Question about the delivery of the American anti-tank missiles to the Ukrainian army is under discussion at least in year 2014; since 2018, the supply seems to be allowed.


  1. Kir Jaff. Njet Molotoff. Published on Sep 30, 2013. Нет Молотов. 45 лет со дня вторжения в Чехословакию ФОТО. 21 августа, 21:44.


Euromaidan, Revolution, Russia, Russian invasion into Ukraine, Soviet invasion into Afghanistan Soviet invasion into Czechoslovakia, Soviet invasion into Finland, USSR, World War II

Коктейль Молотова